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Books by and about 2020 presidential candidates
Crippled America,
by Donald J. Trump (2015)
Fire and Fury,
by Michael Wolff (2018)
Trump Revealed,
by Michael Kranish and Marc Fisher (2016)
The Making of Donald Trump,
by David Cay Johnston (2016)
Promise Me, Dad ,
by Joe Biden (2017)
The Book of Joe ,
by Jeff Wilser (2019; biography of Joe Biden)
The Truths We Hold,
by Kamala Harris (2019)
Smart on Crime,
by Kamala Harris (2010)
Guide to Political Revolution,
by Bernie Sanders (2017)
Where We Go From Here,
by Bernie Sanders (2018)
Our Revolution,
by Bernie Sanders (2016)
This Fight Is Our Fight,
by Elizabeth Warren (2017)
by Cory Booker (2016)
Conscience of a Conservative,
by Jeff Flake (2017)
Two Paths,
by Gov. John Kasich (2017)
Every Other Monday,
by Rep. John Kasich (2010)
Courage is Contagious,
by John Kasich (1998)
Shortest Way Home,
by Pete Buttigieg (2019)
by Michelle Obama (2018)
Higher Loyalty,
by James Comey (2018)
The Making of Donald Trump,
by David Cay Johnston (2017)
Higher Loyalty ,
by James Comey (2018)
Trump vs. Hillary On The Issues ,
by Jesse Gordon (2016)
Outsider in the White House,
by Bernie Sanders (2015)

Book Reviews

(from Amazon.com)

(click a book cover for a review or other books by or about the presidency from Amazon.com)

State of Iowa Politicians: Archives

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 OnTheIssues.org excerpts:  (click on issues for details)
    Jim Carlin: Life begins at conception; oppose taxpayer funded abortions.
    Joni Ernst: Opposes all federal funding of Planned Parenthood.
    Theresa Greenfield: Opposes shutting down Planned Parenthood.
    Joni Ernst: Don't think Roe will be overturned.
    Theresa Greenfield: Always defend woman's right to make own health decisions.
    Theresa Greenfield: Women should have access to safe affordable health care.
    Michael Franken: Codify Roe v. Wade; fully fund Planned Parenthood.
    Eddie Mauro: Fundamental right to make one's own health care decisions.
    Kim Reynolds: State constitution does not grant right to abortion.
    Kimberly Graham: Defend Roe v. Wade.
    Theresa Greenfield: Fight to protect reproductive freedom.
    Theresa Greenfield: EMILY's List endorses Greenfield for abortion rights.
    Fred Hubbell: Work to reverse IA's abortion ban.
    Kim Reynolds: De-fund Planned Parenthood.
    Jake Porter: Don't prohibit abortion but don't fund it.
    Marco Battaglia: Prefer fewer abortion, but not state prohibition.
    ACLU: Fight ban on abortion when heartbeat is heard, at 6 weeks.
    Kim Reynolds: Ban abortion after heartbeat is heard, at 6 weeks.
    Rob Hogg: Vote against abortion ban at 6 weeks when heartbeat is heard.
    Tom Fiegen: Vote against abortion ban at 6 weeks when heartbeat is heard.
    Cathy Glasson: Pro-choice and will restore Planned Parenthood funding.
    Jim Carlin: Vote for abortion ban at 6 weeks when heartbeat is heard.
    Fred Hubbell: AdWatch: commitment to Planned Parenthood.
    Terry Branstad: Signed law making abortion illegal at 20 weeks.
    Nate Boulton: Voted NO on making abortion illegal at 20 weeks.
    Randy Feenstra: Voted YES on making abortion illegal at 20 weeks.
    Rob Hogg: Voted NO on making abortion illegal at 20 weeks.
    Abby Finkenauer: Voted NO on making abortion illegal at 20 weeks.
    Ashley Hinson: Voted YES on making abortion illegal at 20 weeks.
    Jim Carlin: Voted YES on making abortion illegal at 20 weeks.
    Nate Boulton: Anti-abortion law hurts women's healthcare access.
    Patty Judge: Supports public funding for Planned Parenthood.
    Patty Judge: Strong advocate for protecting access to women's health care.
    Andy McGuire: Restore Planned Parenthood funding from the dark ages.
    Carly Fiorina: Planned Parenthood performs late-term partial birth abortion.
    Chris Christie: Thousands upon thousands are murdered in the womb.
    Mike Huckabee: Apply Constitutional rights from conception.
    Rick Santorum: I've been to the March For Life for 25 years.
    Scott Walker: Passed pro-life legislation & defunded Planned Parenthood.
    Carly Fiorina: Liberals believe in protecting flies, but not human life.
    Pat Murphy: Defend a woman's right to make her own health care decisions.
    Joni Ernst: Human life begins at conception.
    Joni Ernst: Affordable access to contraception.
    Joni Ernst: Personhood amendment is a statement of pro-life principle.
    Doug Butzier: Leave abortion decisions to the states.
    Sam Clovis: Human life begins at conception.
    Tom Hoefling: Human life begins at conception.
    Rob Hogg: Restricting abortion for "women's safety" won't win approval.
    Sam Clovis: Life should be protected from conception.
    Joni Ernst: No taxpayer funding for abortion; protect the unborn.
    Rick Santorum: No abortions even in cases of rape; one violence is enough.
    Tim Pawlenty: Criminal sanctions against abortion doctors, not women.
    Kim Reynolds: Abortion is equivalent to murder, but different penalty.
    Roxanne Conlin: Support women's right to reproductive freedom.
    Christopher Reed: Very pro-life; no abortion under any circumstances.
    John McCain: Abortion issue shows what kind of country we are.
    Mitt Romney: Iowa attack phone ads are not true; I am pro-life.
    Mitt Romney: Tired of holier-than-thou attitude about becoming pro-life.
    Mitt Romney: Defining mistake: supported abortion law despite opposing it.
    Rudy Giuliani: Ultimate decision by woman, her conscience & her doctor.
    Sam Brownback: Iowa phone ad: Romney is not pro-life.
    Tommy Thompson: Pro-choice GOP nominee problem for GOP platform.
    Tom Vilsack: Vetoed requiring info about abortion risks and alternatives.
    Tom Vilsack: Personal choice includes taxpayer funding.
    Jack Hatch: Abortions should always be legally available.
    Tom Fiegen: Limit legality, and eliminate public funding for abortion.
    Orrin Hatch: Abortions cause a societal insensitivity to life.
Budget & Economy
    Michael Franken: Invest in infrastructure on scale of building of interstates.
    Fred Hubbell: Many budget benefits go to companies that don't need them.
    Jake Porter: Market-led recovery better than stimulus.
    Marco Battaglia: Market-led recovery better than stimulus.
    Cathy Glasson: Budget should concentrate on citizens needs and the future.
    Kim Reynolds: Defended $100 million budget cuts from previous fiscal year.
    Andy McGuire: No more handouts for big corporations.
    Andy McGuire: Strategize for economic development in rural Iowa.
    Rand Paul: Liberty candidates agree to Audit The Fed.
    Ted Cruz: Original sponsor of Audit-The-Fed bill.
    Hillary Clinton: Go after shadow banking industry, like Lehman Brothers.
    Martin O`Malley: Our economy was wrecked by the big banks of Wall Street.
    Tom Fiegen: Why did nobody from Wall Street went to jail?
    Chris Christie: The rich are doing fine; cater to middle-income workers.
    Chet Culver: 2009: across-the-board cuts of 10%, to balance budget.
    David Young: Better Budget Principles rooted in Iowa common sense.
    Rod Blum: Penny Plan: cut 1% per year to balance budget.
    Doug Butzier: Market-led recovery better than federal stimulus.
    Sam Clovis: BBA to stop saddling generations to come.
    Tom Hoefling: Free enterprise is key to national prosperity.
    Terry Branstad: Restored Iowa's rainy day and economic emergency funds.
    Matthew Whitaker: Top priority: Grow the economy.
    Sam Clovis: Top priority: Balancing the budget.
    Joni Ernst: I've castrated hogs so I know how to cut pork.
    Joni Ernst: Break Washington's spending addiction.
    Newt Gingrich: Don't bail out Freddie Mac & Fannie Mae; break them up.
    Rick Perry: The federal reserve is at the root of a lot of our problems.
    Ron Paul: Destroying our currency transfers wealth to the rich.
    Herman Cain: Don't raise debt ceiling; that doesn't solve problem.
    Jon Huntsman: I'm gonna do for the US what I did for Utah.
    Jon Huntsman: I stood up for debt ceiling increase and against default.
    Michele Bachmann: Don't raise debt ceiling; country not at risk of default.
    Michele Bachmann: I was the leading voice against raising the debt ceiling.
    Mitt Romney: 7 principles for leadership on the economy.
    Newt Gingrich: The Super-committee is as dumb an idea as I've ever heard.
    Newt Gingrich: It's a scandal that the Federal Reserve is secret.
    Rick Santorum: Govt has averaged 18% of GDP and we're now at 25%.
    Rick Santorum: Audit the Fed; but no gold standard.
    Rick Santorum: Stopping debt ceiling increase is showmanship not leadership.
    Ron Paul: Country is bankrupt & we can't keep spending.
    Ron Paul: I'm delighted that auditing the Fed has become mainstream.
    Tim Pawlenty: I'll offer a prize to anyone who can find Obama's plan.
    Terry Branstad: End the days of unsustainable commitments.
    Roxanne Conlin: Hold Grassley accountable for Wall Street greed.
    Bill Richardson: Balanced Budget Amendment to address $9 trillion debt.
    Chris Dodd: People of color lured into sub prime lending.
    Dennis Kucinich: Must cut Pentagon spending.
    Dennis Kucinich: WPA-type program will create jobs and rebuild America.
    John Kerry: Economy is recovering for corporations to some degree.
    Dennis Kucinich: Social cuts redistribute wealth upwards.
    Carol Moseley-Braun: Government serves public; don’t “starve the beast”.
    Dick Gephardt: 1993 tax increase & sound economics caused budget surplus.
    Howard Dean: Republicans haven’t balanced a federal budget in 34 years.
    Bill Bradley: More for tech education since tech created surplus.
    John Kasich: Against ethanol subsidies, and all subsidies.
Civil Rights
    Jim Carlin: Introduced "bathroom bill" against transgender students.
    Theresa Greenfield: Supports Equality Act.
    Theresa Greenfield: Seeing systemic racism is not saying all cops are racists.
    Theresa Greenfield: Supports Equality Act prohibiting discrimination.
    Michael Franken: Ignored "Don't Ask Don't Tell" as admiral; protected sailors.
    Eddie Mauro: Pass a 21st century Equal Rights Amendment.
    Pete Buttigieg: Campaign co-chaired by member of Congressional Black Caucus.
    Kimberly Graham: End the sub-minimum wage for individuals with disabilities.
    Kimberly Graham: Expand tribal jurisdiction over sexual assault cases.
    Kimberly Graham: Support federal anti-discrimination law for LGBTQ.
    Fred Hubbell: Proud of Iowa's equal protection for same-sex couples.
    Kim Reynolds: Same-sex marriage issue is now settled law.
    Republican Party: Define marriage as one natural man and one natural woman.
    Jake Porter: Strongly supports same-sex marriage.
    Marco Battaglia: Strongly supports same-sex marriage.
    Andy McGuire: Conversion therapy is torture, not treatment.
    Nate Boulton: Defended LGBTQ nonprofit Iowa Safe Schools.
    Andy McGuire: Elect women who will fight for equality.
    Patty Judge: Strong advocate for LGBTQ rights.
    Patty Judge: Take action to end gender discrimination in pay.
    Jim Gilmore: I don't want to be part of an anti-Muslim GOP.
    Bob Krause: 67% of Millenials support gay marriage.
    Bobby Jindal: Institution of marriage existed long before our laws existed.
    Bobby Jindal: I pledge support for a religious freedom law.
    Marco Rubio: One-man-one-woman marriage existed before our laws.
    Rick Santorum: I would never attend a same-sex wedding.
    Scott Walker: Constitutional amendment to prevent federal gay marriage.
    Ted Cruz: Pray against a court decision legalizing same-sex marriage.
    Ted Cruz: Liberals obsessed with mandatory gay marriage in 50 states.
    Ted Cruz: Zealotry on same-sex marriage leaves out religious liberty.
    Mike Huckabee: Same-sex marriage leads to criminalization of Christianity.
    Mike Huckabee: Courts cannot unilaterally allow same-sex marriage.
    Tom Vilsack: Appointed judges who said yes to gay marriage.
    Pat Murphy: Fought gay marriage ban; protect LGBT Iowans.
    Joni Ernst: Government shouldn't redefine marriage.
    Doug Butzier: Affirmative action is government interference in marketplace.
    Doug Butzier: Declaration's "All men are created equal" applies to gays.
    Sam Clovis: Government shouldn't redefine marriage.
    Tom Hoefling: Government shouldn't redefine marriage.
    Joni Ernst: Federal ban ok, but leave same-sex marriage to states.
    Joni Ernst: Endorsed by RightNOW Women PAC to escape "war on women".
    Sam Clovis: Family begins with one man and one woman.
    Matthew Whitaker: My faith requires me to support traditional marriage.
    Joni Ernst: Marriage is a religious institution: one man and one woman.
    Jon Huntsman: I believe in traditional marriage but also civil unions.
    Michele Bachmann: I support federal AND state marriage amendments.
    Mitt Romney: Federal definition of marriage as one-man-one-woman.
    Newt Gingrich: Loyalty test for everyone, not just for Muslims.
    Rick Santorum: No polygamy; no gay marriage.
    Ron Paul: No federal marriage licenses & no state licenses either.
    Kim Reynolds: Voters should decide gay marriage, not the courts.
    Chuck Grassley: Wait for DoD report before considering Don't-Ask-Don't-Tell.
    Roxanne Conlin: No 2nd-class citizens: repeal DOMA and Don't-Ask-Don't-Tell.
    Roxanne Conlin: 1970s: Discrimination on basis of pregnancy made illegal.
    Roxanne Conlin: Pass Paycheck Fairness Act to close gender pay gap.
    Roxanne Conlin: Supports marriage equality for same-sex couples.
    Christopher Reed: Define marriage as one man and one woman only.
    Christopher Reed: Don’t-ask-don’t-tell caused disruption in military.
    Mitt Romney: No longer calls Giuliani pro-choice & pro-gay & anti-gun.
    Rudy Giuliani: Supports domestic partnerships, but not same-sex marriage.
    Al Sharpton: No people of color in Dean’s cabinet-should import talent.
    Al Sharpton: Just talking about race is trivializing the issue.
    Al Sharpton: Get young people involved in the election process.
    Carol Moseley-Braun: Have to have an honest conversation about race-Dean is right.
    Carol Moseley-Braun: Need to reform immigration policy to welcome them.
    Howard Dean: No people of color in Dean’s cabinet-because so few in VT.
    Howard Dean: Confederate flag is a painful symbol to Blacks.
    Howard Dean: Understand the plight of minorities.
    John Edwards: Economic and educational equality are needed.
    John Edwards: Fund the Help America Vote Act.
    Joseph Lieberman: Allow driver’s license for immigrants.
    Joseph Lieberman: Support reparation legislations.
    Jack Hatch: Supports civil unions and same-sex marriage.
    Jack Hatch: Affirmative action in state college & state contracts.
    Al Gore: Confederate flag divides-remove it, but no boycott.
    Al Gore: Ban racial profiling by Executive Order.
    Al Gore: Latinos considered for Supreme Court, but no pledge.
    Al Gore: Review disenfranchisement of felons but keep concept.
    Al Gore: Civil rights and affirmative action on top of agenda.
    Al Gore: More minorities in government to reflect America.
    Al Gore: Expand laws for gays but don’t re-open Civil Rights Act.
    Al Gore: Ideas & ideals bind different races together.
    Bill Bradley: Include gays in Civil Rights Act.
    Bill Bradley: Pull down Confederate flag immediately.
    Bill Bradley: Affirmative action battles subtle racism.
    Bill Bradley: End racial profiling by Executive Order.
    Bill Bradley: Latinos should be on Supreme Court, but no commitment.
    Bill Bradley: Rescind disenfranchisement if released felons keep straight.
    Bill Bradley: Diversity creates the best Administration.
    Bill Bradley: I’ve seen racism, and it must end.
    Alan Keyes: Conducting gov’t in Spanish assaults our linguistic unity.
    Alan Keyes: Ten Commandments & prayer should be in schools.
    George W. Bush: Respect Spanish heritage, but conduct government in English.
    George W. Bush: Ten Commandments OK in schools for “inherent values”.
    John McCain: Ten Commandments would bring virtue to our schools.
    Orrin Hatch: Founders avoided “national church,” not Ten Commandments.
    Orrin Hatch: Amendments for school prayer & flag protection.
    Steve Forbes: Ten Commandments & prayer in schools.
    Al Gore: Women deserve equal pay for equal work.
    Bill Bradley: Appointments should reflect a world without gender.
    Joni Ernst: Prevent financial consumers from joining class action suits.
    Theresa Greenfield: Tax cut benefitted wealthiest, biggest corporations.
    Michael Franken: S&L "debacle" cost his parents much of their life savings.
    Tom Steyer: Can beat Trump on economy, did not inherit a penny.
    Fred Hubbell: Opposes corporate subsidies to big companies to create jobs.
    Kim Reynolds: $2B tax cuts provide relief to taxpayers & small businesses.
    Fred Hubbell: Stop giving unproductive tax credits to big corporations.
    Kim Reynolds: Tax breaks bring Apple to Iowa.
    Nate Boulton: Tax credits & corporate giveaways have hurt economy.
    Patty Judge: Our corporate tax code is broken; MNCs don't pay fair share.
    Andy McGuire: State loans for new or expanding small town businesses.
    Bernie Sanders: If Teddy Roosevelt saw modern banks he'd say "break them up".
    Bernie Sanders: Wall Street will not be in my Cabinet; their model is fraud.
    Hillary Clinton: AIG & Lehman were not big banks; we needed to bail them out.
    Martin O`Malley: It's crony capitalism to bail out banks for bad bets.
    Tom Fiegen: Banks that are too big to fail are too big to exist.
    Tom Fiegen: Disallow corporate tax havens; tax income when earned.
    Rick Santorum: Pro-worker Republican; only 10% of Americans own businesses.
    Ted Cruz: Get senseless obstacles from Washington out of the way.
    Joni Ernst: Eliminate rules which inhibit strong free-market economy.
    Jack Hatch: Focus on small business, not tax incentives to corporations.
    Sam Clovis: End corporate welfare subsidies & crony capitalism grants.
    Herman Cain: Take the capital gains tax rate & repatriation tax to zero.
    Herman Cain: Suspend taxes on repatriated profits, permanently.
    Jon Huntsman: EPA's regulatory reign of terror prevents building in USA.
    Rick Santorum: Cut corporate tax rate to zero & jobs will come back.
    Terry Branstad: High commercial property taxes mean higher prices.
    Terry Branstad: Reduce state corporate income tax from 12% to 6%.
    Chris Dodd: Bankruptcy Reform Act hurt working class families.
    John Edwards: I was wrong to vote for Bankruptcy Reform Act.
    Art Small: Set up research facilities instead of trying to pick winners.
    Howard Dean: Regulation of finance companies is the right track.
    Cindy Axne: Voted for the George Floyd Justice in Policing Act.
    Jim Carlin: Sponsored bill to restore death penalty in Iowa.
    Kim Reynolds: There will be no talk of defunding the police here.
    Kim Reynolds: Ban racial profiling and other forms of disparate treatment.
    Joni Ernst: Supported Republican police reform; Democrats walked out.
    Theresa Greenfield: Address racism, but family cops are about serving.
    Randy Feenstra: Helped pass bill to crack down on police violence.
    Chuck Grassley: Supports peer-to-peer counseling & privacy for law officers.
    Kim Reynolds: Priority to focus on prisoner re-entry, rehabilitation.
    Kimberly Graham: Ban private prisons; eliminate mandatory minimums.
    Kim Reynolds: Restore ex-felon voting rights.
    Fred Hubbell: Life sentence is sufficient instead of death penalty.
    Kim Reynolds: Opposes reinstating the death penalty.
    Jake Porter: Stop prosecuting addiction issues and victimless crimes.
    Marco Battaglia: End mandatory minimum sentences for nonviolent crimes.
    Cathy Glasson: One-size-fits-all punishment are not fitting the crimes.
    Nate Boulton: Public safety & police can't be done on the cheap.
    Patty Judge: Reform mandatory minimum sentences for nonviolent offenders.
    Terry Branstad: Rehabilitation over punishment to reduce recidivism.
    Terry Branstad: Investigate wrongful convictions, especially for racial bias.
    Chuck Grassley: Expand mandatory minimum s for firearm & terrorism offenses.
    Doug Butzier: Stricter punishment doesn't reduce crime.
    Joni Ernst: Independently investigate sexual crime in military.
    Terry Branstad: Retroactively allow DNA evidence for all felony convictions.
    Rob Hogg: Retroactively allow DNA evidence for all felony convictions.
    Chet Culver: $205M for new prison & improving old prison infrastructure.
    Rob Hogg: $205M for new prison & improving old prison infrastructure.
    Barack Obama: Lack of enforcement sets tone for more hate crimes.
    Hillary Clinton: Address the unacceptable increase in incarceration.
    Joe Biden: Bush is impediment to hate crimes legislation.
    Tom Vilsack: Opposes death penalty in Iowa.
    Art Small: Allow judges discretion in sentencing.
    Art Small: Involve faith-based providers in rehabilitation.
    Jack Hatch: Programs for at-risk youth and job skills for inmates.
    Tom Fiegen: Limit parole but consider penalties other than incarceration.
    Al Gore: Recognizes disparities in sentencing blacks.
    Al Gore: Tough “Second-chance schools” for kids.
    Eddie Mauro: Legalize marijuana and release those locked up immediately.
    Kimberly Graham: Legalize medical marijuana.
    Fred Hubbell: Yes to expanding medical marijuana use.
    Kim Reynolds: No for recreational; limited medical marijuana.
    Fred Hubbell: Wait-and-see on decriminalizing marijuana.
    Jake Porter: Marijuana isn't a gateway drug.
    Marco Battaglia: Marijuana isn't a gateway drug.
    Kim Reynolds: Reduce number of opioids prescribed & increase Rx monitoring.
    Nate Boulton: Reclassify marijuana from Schedule I to Schedule II.
    Rob Hogg: Reclassify marijuana from Schedule I to Schedule II.
    Rich Leopold: Services for people still suffering with addiction.
    Patty Judge: Legalize medical marijuana, but not recreational use.
    Andy McGuire: Fund programs for mental health.
    Chuck Grassley: Ardent and vocal opponent of marijuana legalization.
    Patty Judge: Not vocal about legalizing, but opponent vocally against it.
    Jay Williams: Yes, I did use illegal drugs, like other angry young men.
    Chuck Grassley: End mandatory life sentence for three drug convictions.
    Doug Butzier: Legalize marijuana & all drugs; $80B wasted on War on Drugs.
    Joni Ernst: Voted to legalize medical cannabis oil.
    Terry Branstad: Medical cannabis oil ok, but nothing more.
    Chris Dodd: Reduce sentencing disparity for crack cocaine retroactively.
    Dennis Kucinich: Reduce sentencing disparity for crack cocaine retroactively.
    Hillary Clinton: Reduce sentencing disparity for crack, but not retroactively.
    John Edwards: Reduce sentencing disparity for crack cocaine retroactively.
    Art Small: Consider loosening enforcement of marijuana laws.
    Art Small: Drug treatment more effective than incarceration.
    Jack Hatch: Decriminalize medicinal marijuana.
    Bill Bradley: No mandatory sentencing for first-time drug offenders.
    Elizabeth Dole: Applauds community-based fight against drug epidemic.
    Jim Carlin: Too many children being indoctrinated to hate America.
    Kim Reynolds: $28 million for public-private partnerships for child care.
    Kim Reynolds: Make open enrollment available in all school districts.
    Joni Ernst: Co-sponsored act for tax credits for private school tuition.
    Joni Ernst: Voted against limiting debt relief for defrauded students.
    Joni Ernst: Proposed "know before you owe"; employers assuming debt.
    Theresa Greenfield: Refinance student debt; find ways to work off the debt.
    Theresa Greenfield: Debt free community college and trade schools.
    Theresa Greenfield: Expand pre-K, invest in higher education, apprenticeships.
    Michael Franken: Free community college; decrease interest on student loans.
    Michael Franken: Increase teacher pay; improve rural education; expand pre-K.
    Amy Klobuchar: Free college isn't enough; also 2-year degrees & plumbers.
    Kim Reynolds: We need 100% of schools to teach computer science.
    Tom Steyer: Redistribute tax dollars so every kid gets a good education.
    Kimberly Graham: Raise teacher pay; end unequal school funding.
    Kimberly Graham: Should be illegal for college loans to triple from interest.
    Kimberly Graham: Opposes Betsy DeVos as Education Secretary.
    Kim Reynolds: Additional $93M to invest in our students.
    Fred Hubbell: We've been cutting, cutting, cutting college funding.
    Kim Reynolds: Major cuts to college funding to address budget shortfall.
    Fred Hubbell: School systems and teachers know best what they need.
    Jake Porter: Vouchers let parents choose the school of their choice.
    Marco Battaglia: Vouchers are wrong for paying for private schooling.
    Cathy Glasson: Wants public education to be affordable and high quality.
    Kim Reynolds: School choice offers families option to teach their values.
    Nate Boulton: State must fund public schools, not voucher schemes.
    Nate Boulton: Supports teacher's unions to attract best teachers.
    Kim Reynolds: $40M more for schools; $150M more for teachers.
    Terry Branstad: $40m more for schools despite budget cuts elsewhere.
    Jim Carlin: $40M more for schools; $150M more for teachers.
    Kim Reynolds: Score every Iowa high school for Post-Secondary Readiness.
    Terry Branstad: Score every Iowa high school for Post-Secondary Readiness.
    Kim Reynolds: Future Ready Iowa: 70% of Iowans beyond high school.
    Terry Branstad: Future Ready Iowa: 70% of Iowans beyond high school.
    Terry Branstad: Teacher Leadership System for every public school.
    Patty Judge: Increased access to Pell Grants & student loan refinancing.
    Andy McGuire: Restore cuts: put students ahead of lobbyists.
    Andy McGuire: Restore $21M in cuts to higher education.
    Patty Judge: Commitment to a quality public education.
    Rob Hogg: Excellent schools are of utmost importance.
    Jay Williams Iowa: My youngest son and I got our GED's on the same day.
    Mike Huckabee: If you get free college in your 20s, you'll pay in your 30s.
    Bernie Sanders: $70B to make public colleges & universities tuition-free.
    Bernie Sanders: Look at college degree like high school diploma 50 years ago.
    Hillary Clinton: Make community college free, but not free college for all.
    Martin O`Malley: Goal of affordable & debt-free college, like in Maryland.
    Martin O`Malley: Dad went to college on GI bill; kids went on pile of bills.
    Tom Fiegen: We are forcing a lifetime of slavery to student loans.
    Carly Fiorina: School choice is the only way to fix education.
    Bernie Sanders: College loan repayment is regressive; refinance & forgive.
    Mike Huckabee: Common Core morphed into a frankenstandard that I oppose.
    Rick Santorum: Reform education; only 30% get college degrees.
    Rod Blum: Replace top-down structure with parental control.
    Pat Murphy: Raise teacher pay and expand universal preschool.
    Joni Ernst: Eliminate Department of Education but keep Pell Grants.
    Doug Butzier: Vouchers for school choice are a good start.
    Tom Hoefling: Post the Ten Commandments in public school buildings.
    Matthew Whitaker: Common Core is one-size-fits-all, top-down solution.
    Tom Hoefling: True Local Control: TLC for public schools.
    Sam Clovis: FactCheck: Common Core originated with governors, not feds.
    Sam Clovis: Common Core is federal overreach in spending and control.
    Sam Clovis: Repeal No Child Left Behind and the Common Core.
    Joni Ernst: No federal involvement in Common Core standards.
    Matthew Whitaker: Common Core is cram-it-down-your-throat reform.
    Michele Bachmann: Don't censor intelligent design, but it's a state issue.
    Terry Branstad: One Unshakable Vision: World-Class Schools for Iowa.
    Herman Cain: No Child Left Behind has unfunded mandates.
    Jon Huntsman: No Child Left Behind has failed; we need vouchers.
    Tim Pawlenty: Parents should have educational options, like home schooling.
    Roxanne Conlin: Invest in education: fund K-12 & retain teachers.
    Chet Culver: Include financial literacy in core statewide curriculum.
    Rob Hogg: Include financial literacy in core statewide curriculum.
    Bill Richardson: $60 billion plan to make American education #1 in world.
    Rob Hogg: $45M for teacher salary increases plus 4-year-old preschool.
    Joseph Lieberman: Young people need a better public education.
    Carol Moseley-Braun: Replace property tax with national payments for schools.
    Howard Dean: Bush’s “No Child Left Behind” is an unfunded mandate.
    Tom Fiegen: More funds for schools, teachers, and Head Start.
    Al Gore: Increase public school aid by 50% instead of vouchers.
    Bill Bradley: “Lifetime education” from birth to every life stage.
    Bill Bradley: Voted for voucher experiments; now focus on public schools.
    Alan Keyes: Replace the Department of Education with parental control.
    Gary Bauer: Allow Ten Commandments in schools & disallow Nazi salutes.
    Gary Bauer: Vouchers and local control will save our schools.
    George W. Bush: Expand character education via federal funding.
    George W. Bush: Local control and accountability will prevent failure.
    John McCain: Use sugar, oil, and ethanol subsidies to finance vouchers.
    Steve Forbes: Federal involvement creates the crisis in our schools.
    Steve Forbes: Choice in education makes us more moral & more educated.
    Al Gore: “Revolutionary plan”: 50% more for public schools.
    Bill Bradley: Education excellence begins with 60,000 great new teachers.
    Bill Bradley: Major investment in education related to people’s lives.
    Alan Keyes: Violence in schools due to loss of moral heritage.
    Gary Bauer: Present both evolution & creationism and let students decide.
    Al Gore: $10,000 for joining 21st Century Teachers Corps.
    Al Gore: Smaller classrooms with “schools within schools”.
    Al Gore: National Tuition Savings program to send kids to college.
    Al Gore: Test teachers; remove failing tenured teachers.
    Al Gore: More public school choice - but not private.
    Al Gore: Shut failing schools; then re-open & turn them around.
    Elizabeth Dole: Restore quality and parental involvement.
    Bob Smith: GOAL 2000: Shut down Department of Education.
Energy & Oil
    Rob Hogg: Wind & solar power work; Keystone pipeline unneeded.
    Rob Hogg: It is time to act on climate change.
    Cindy Axne: Biofuels should be part of clean energy economy.
    Jim Carlin: Farmers deserve to profit from wind, biomass, solar panels.
    Theresa Greenfield: Take urgent action to address man-made climate change.
    Joni Ernst: Voted to repeal 2015 Clean Power Plan.
    Theresa Greenfield: Climate change is getting worse; urgent action needed.
    Theresa Greenfield: Supports expanded renewable fuel market.
    Joni Ernst: Fight for ethanol and biodiesel, not electric vehicles.
    Theresa Greenfield: Bio fuels can be part of solution to climate change.
    Theresa Greenfield: Fight for clean energy jobs; strengthen environmental laws.
    Michael Franken: Addressing climate change is a national security imperative.
    Michael Franken: Expand public transportation & electric charging stations.
    Eddie Mauro: Net-zero US CO2 emissions by 2045.
    Joe Biden: I introduced the first climate change bill in 1986.
    Kim Reynolds: New $2 million for Renewable Fuels Infrastructure Program.
    Pete Buttigieg: Put environmental justice at the core of our climate plan.
    Kimberly Graham: Supports Green New Deal.
    Theresa Greenfield: Fight for strong clean energy solutions.
    Fred Hubbell: Avoid the pending disaster of climate change.
    Kim Reynolds: Cut funding for home retrofits & energy efficient appliances.
    Fred Hubbell: Grow the economy using biomass, sun, and wind resources.
    Jake Porter: Don't prioritize green energy.
    Marco Battaglia: Freer market will allow energy that is greener.
    Cathy Glasson: Move forward with new green energy sources.
    Nate Boulton: 50% renewable energy by 2025.
    Rich Leopold: Supports strong wind industry in Iowa.
    Kim Reynolds: Expand natural gas as well as biomass.
    Patty Judge: Global warming is real and we need to take immediate action.
    Patty Judge: Move away from fossil fuels & toward a clean energy economy.
    Andy McGuire: Trump full of hot air on wind power.
    Ben Carson: Keep ethanol mandate; unfair to withdraw contracts.
    Bernie Sanders: Climate change partly causes rise of terrorist groups.
    Rob Hogg: Expand solar power, wind energy, ethanol.
    Tom Fiegen: Transform away from fossil fuels, and towards sustainability.
    Rob Hogg: Address climate change with solutions that work for economy.
    Rod Blum: Create jobs & lower costs with coal & oil shale.
    Pat Murphy: Opposes Keystone Pipeline; supports alternative energy.
    Bruce Braley: Supported Keystone Pipeline initially, then rejected it.
    Joni Ernst: Drives hybrid car, but doubts climate change is man-made.
    Doug Butzier: Prioritizing green energy is just tax favors.
    Joni Ernst: Meeting with Big Oil doesn't make me feel uncomfortable.
    Terry Branstad: Keep corn-based ethanol in nation's fuel supply.
    Jack Hatch: Solar energy grants instead of utility special interests.
    Terry Branstad: Expand and protect American energy resources.
    Sam Clovis: No subsidies for wind and solar.
    Sam Clovis: Obama's "Climate Resilience Fund" just redistributes wealth.
    Sam Clovis: Exploit every form of energy, underground and above ground.
    Matthew Whitaker: Cap-and-trade proposal stifles the American dream.
    Michele Bachmann: I opposed cap-and-trade, including Lightbulb Choice Act.
    Terry Branstad: Supports wind energy by signing HF 672.
    Chuck Grassley: Biodiesel is not controversial, unlike ethanol.
    Roxanne Conlin: Grassley voted against extending biodiesel tax credit.
    Roxanne Conlin: Invest in homegrown alternatives to foreign oil.
    Roxanne Conlin: Focus on the sun, the wind, and biomass.
    Bob Krause: 1978: Supported bipartisan gas tax increase.
    Christopher Reed: Drill for more American oil to reduce gas prices.
    Tom Harkin: Develop cellulosic ethanol, wind, and solar.
    Christopher Reed: Not ready to jump head first into biofuels.
    Christopher Reed: Coal & nuclear have gotten a bad rap.
    Mitt Romney: No-regrets policy: energy independence and CO2 reduction.
    Jack Hatch: Promote increased use of alternative fuel technology.
    Alan Keyes: Explore & exploit ANWR, while respecting ecology.
    Gary Bauer: Resources are there to be used.
    Orrin Hatch: Eliminate Kyoto Accords and implement more local control.
    Steve Forbes: Explore ANWR immediately, to reduce foreign oil dependence.
    Orrin Hatch: Revoke Kyoto Accords as environmental extremism.
    Theresa Greenfield: Encourage regenerative agriculture practices.
    Joni Ernst: Supported rollback of Clean Water Act.
    Theresa Greenfield: Strengthen laws under attack from corporate interests.
    Kim Reynolds: Increase funding for water quality and conservation.
    Pete Buttigieg: Fight climate change and prepare for flood and fire.
    Tom Steyer: Environmental justice, not managed retreat.
    Kimberly Graham: Incentivize farmers with clean water initiatives.
    Eddie Mauro: Works on Purify Project: water sanitation in Tanzania.
    Fred Hubbell: Protect water, air and topsoil resources.
    Jake Porter: Fight EPA regulatory over-reach.
    Marco Battaglia: Fight EPA regulatory over-reach.
    Cathy Glasson: Force corporate polluters to clean up their mess.
    Andy McGuire: Put teeth into our water quality regulations.
    Kim Reynolds: Scale back Waters of US rule.
    Nate Boulton: Funding water trust fund improves safety & tourism.
    Rich Leopold: Let's Go Outside: stewardship of Iowa's land, air, and water.
    Rich Leopold: Listen to rural voters while promoting clean water.
    Patty Judge: Address serious water quality problem in Iowa & nationally.
    Rick Santorum: Taking manufacturing back to US will reduce global warming.
    Rick Santorum: Remove Obama regulations on mercury & waters.
    Tom Fiegen: Democratize and decentralize our food production.
    Rob Hogg: Urgently address challenges of environmental sustainability.
    Chris Christie: Ethanol in gasoline is the law; and that's just the minimum.
    George Pataki: Opposed to RFS: no ethanol mandate in gasoline.
    Jeb Bush: Let the market decide on RFS' ethanol in gasoline.
    Mike Huckabee: Ethanol mandate is a matter of national security.
    Rick Perry: Ethanol waiver in Texas but not in Iowa: let states decide.
    Rick Santorum: Ethanol mandate brings jobs & energy independence.
    Scott Walker: Keep ethanol mandate until oil companies allow free market.
    Ted Cruz: Don't pick winners & losers like RFS' ethanol in gasoline.
    Scott Walker: Freeze stewardship program for state lands.
    Rod Blum: EPA restrictions on farm dust are overzealous & hyperactive.
    Pat Murphy: Enforce current federal environmental standards.
    Doug Butzier: Clean air and water are in the public domain.
    Joni Ernst: No more Agenda 21: no United Nations eminent domain.
    Terry Branstad: Fight EPA on biofuel rules; protect agricultural sector.
    Christopher Reed: Eminent Domain is government legally stealing from citizens.
    Jack Hatch: Supports open-space preservation and more environmental regs.
    George W. Bush: Set standards based on science; and fine violators.
    John McCain: Preserve and help our National Parks.
    Steve Forbes: Focus on science and practicality, not lawyers and fashion.
Families & Children
    Abby Finkenauer: Better access to child care as infrastructure investment.
    Cindy Axne: Make changes to Child Tax Credit permanent.
    Cindy Axne: Double amount allowed for dependent care assistance plans.
    Joni Ernst: COVID: opposed paid sick leave.
    Bernie Sanders: Guaranteed child care: Age 0 to 4 are most important years.
    Kim Reynolds: Expand Early Childhood tax credits.
    Pete Buttigieg: It makes no sense to spend 2/3 of income on childcare.
    Cathy Glasson: Proud of Iowa's marriage equality but work still to be done.
    Kim Reynolds: Sexual harassment has been a stain on our culture.
    Cathy Glasson: #1 job of governor is to raise family's standard of living.
    Andy McGuire: Time for state Family/Medical Leave Act.
    Terry Branstad: Judicial discretion in releasing individual juvenile records.
    Ted Cruz: Defend Judeo-Christian values against liberal fascism.
    Ted Cruz: Opposes the unrelenting assault on traditional marriage.
    Tom Hoefling: Reform divorce laws to increase waiting period.
    Mitt Romney: Kids working in libraries is fine; don't change labor laws.
    Newt Gingrich: Let poor kids work so they learn like middle class.
    Rick Santorum: Promote the family as economic anchor point.
    Michele Bachmann: Bible's "be submissive to husband" means mutual respect.
    New Testament: Wives, you are to be submissive to your husbands.
    Chuck Grassley: Foster adoptions and permanent homes for kids.
    Barack Obama: Restore dream of making children’s lives better than parents.
    Hillary Clinton: Struggling families are invisible to Bush administration.
    Sam Brownback: Highest priority is rebuilding the family.
    Alan Keyes: Shape our children’s consciences in the fear of God.
    Gary Bauer: Columbine resulted from our undermining the sanctity of life.
    John McCain: Unfiltered Internet robs our children of their innocence.
    George W. Bush: Appropriate to draw a moral line for children.
Foreign Policy
    Joni Ernst: Voted against blocking arms sales to Saudi Arabia.
    Eddie Mauro: Rejoin Paris Climate Accord.
    Tom Steyer: Don't meet with North Korea without preconditions or allies.
    Marco Battaglia: Exceptional people all over the planet, not just America.
    Patty Judge: Use our diplomatic power to help create peace and stability.
    Carly Fiorina: ISIS & Iran are bigger threats than climate change.
    Jeb Bush: Statehood for Puerto Rico, via self-determination.
    Hillary Clinton: We spend a lot on development aid, even in war zones.
    Mike Huckabee: Globalists & corporatists are making US more like China.
    Mike Huckabee: Keep the Cuban embargo; lifting it rewards Cuba.
    Rick Perry: Easing restrictions on Cuba hurts the Cuban people.
    Carly Fiorina: I've accomplished something by traveling around the world.
    John Bolton: America is a benign force globally.
    Mike Huckabee: Islamic terrorism is the country's most pressing issue.
    Doug Butzier: Dialogue via UN ok, but no US troops under UN control.
    Matthew Whitaker: No foreign aid to countries that don't like us.
    Michele Bachmann: North Korea is Wal-Mart of missile weapon delivery systems.
    Newt Gingrich: Tell the truth: Palestinians are an "invented people".
    Herman Cain: Foreign policy should include bombs & bullets AND economics.
    Rick Santorum: No apologies for past American interventions in Iran.
    Ron Paul: We installed Shah in Iran; we should mind our own business.
    Tim Pawlenty: Sanctions for Iran nukes; regime change for Syria.
    Terry Branstad: Partnership with Kosovo will benefit National Guard.
    Christopher Reed: I am not a huge fan of the UN, nor Law of the Sea treaty.
    John McCain: Naive to exclude nukes; naive to exclude attacking Pakistan.
    Mike Huckabee: Not the job of the US to export our form of government.
    Mitt Romney: To win the war on jihad, we need friends in Muslim world.
    Mitt Romney: Encourage others to welcome democracy, without military.
    Mitt Romney: Move Muslim world toward modernity so they reject extreme.
    Ron Paul: Right to spread our values, but wrong to spread by force.
    Rudy Giuliani: Democracy is a long-term goal, after building bedrock.
    Sam Brownback: Be realistic about pushing democracy, or we get radicals.
    Tommy Thompson: We continue losing until recognizing we’re fighting a jihad.
    Dennis Kucinich: Americans have been misled about the Iraqi war.
    Gary Bauer: Shame on those who sent tech to Chinese military.
    Bill Bradley: Move towards new post-Cold War stability & mentality.
    Gary Bauer: Stop allowing China to play us for suckers.
Free Trade
    Theresa Greenfield: Supports USMCA, expanding export opportunities.
    Theresa Greenfield: Reckless trade policies have kept markets closed to farmers.
    Michael Franken: Farmers want markets not bailouts; end foolish trade war.
    Theresa Greenfield: Number one issue for farmers is regaining foreign markets.
    Amy Klobuchar: We need a North American trading bloc to take on China.
    Bernie Sanders: Need trade deal that includes stakeholders, not just CEOs.
    Elizabeth Warren: China trade deal will help farmers, then work to improve it.
    Pete Buttigieg: I support USMCA, but focus on people over corporations.
    Tom Steyer: Undo Trump tariffs; negotiate trade deals for U.S. workers.
    Joni Ernst: Supports USMCA trade agreement to replace NAFTA.
    Kim Reynolds: Supports USMCA trade agreement to replace NAFTA.
    Fred Hubbell: Farmers are on the edge financially because of trade war.
    Kim Reynolds: Nobody wins in a trade war.
    Jake Porter: Support free trade.
    Marco Battaglia: Support free trade & freer trade.
    Andy McGuire: Unfair trade deals shut down factories & ship jobs overseas.
    Patty Judge: Oppose TPP: I don't know that free trade is good for Iowa.
    Bob Krause: Focus trade policies on middle-class incomes.
    Bernie Sanders: I strongly opposed NAFTA and DOMA from their inception.
    Tom Fiegen: I am concerned about lopsided trade agreements.
    Mike Huckabee: Trans Pacific Partnership isn't fair trade or free trade.
    Rick Perry: China practices communism at night & capitalism in daytime.
    Rod Blum: Fast-track free trade to expand agricultural markets.
    Doug Butzier: Free trade is the very foundation of prosperity.
    Joni Ernst: Keep markets open to exports for Iowa goods.
    Ron Paul: Trade sanctions never worked on Cuba, and won't work on Iran.
    Terry Branstad: Letter to Obama: Pass trade agreements.
    Chuck Grassley: Free trade is the only way developing economies will grow.
    Roxanne Conlin: Stop helping big corporations ship jobs overseas.
    Bob Krause: Emergency legislation emphasizing fair trade.
    Christopher Reed: NAFTA harms the US.
    Carol Moseley-Braun: We need balance between trade and labor protection.
    Dennis Kucinich: President has authority to cancel NAFTA and WTO-I will.
    Dick Gephardt: I’m for labor rights and NAFTA supporters are not.
    Dick Gephardt: Walk the walk of labor and environmental standards-by voting.
    Howard Dean: We need China trade as a national security issue.
    Howard Dean: We’ve globalized corporations; now globalize worker rights.
    John Edwards: Against NAFTA, against Chile trade, against Singapore trade.
    John Kerry: Veto FTAA and CAFTA until they have stronger standards.
    Joseph Lieberman: Avoid pro-business extremism and protectionist extremism.
    Al Sharpton: Repeal NAFTA and GATT: too business-friendly.
    Bill Bradley: All refugees should be granted rights to stay in US.
    Bill Bradley: Rely on the WTO to export beef to Europe.
    Alan Keyes: WTO allows dictators to decide our future - US out.
    Gary Bauer: Europeans fight to protect their farmers; so should we.
    George W. Bush: China in WTO is good for US farm exports.
    Steve Forbes: Do free trade ourselves, without WTO.
    George W. Bush: The fearful build walls; the confident demolish them.
Government Reform
    Abby Finkenauer: Advisor to "Next 50," increasing youth political engagement.
    Cindy Axne: For campaign finance reform, expanding voting rights.
    Cindy Axne: Disgusted at Iowa reducing number of early voting days.
    Jim Carlin: Claimed there was conspiracy to deprive Trump of re-election.
    Jim Carlin: Different standards for voting mean we're not equal.
    Joni Ernst: Against bill requiring more disclosure of political funders.
    Joni Ernst: Go back to drawing board to keep Post Office going.
    Theresa Greenfield: Don't support packing the Supreme Court.
    Theresa Greenfield: Get dark money out of politics; no corporate PAC money.
    Theresa Greenfield: Don't privatize Post Office but examine their finances.
    Theresa Greenfield: Ban corporate PAC money, overturn Citizens United.
    Michael Franken: Post office must be fully funded & protected from politics.
    Eddie Mauro: Campaign finance reform to rein in Big Pharma.
    Theresa Greenfield: Vital that Iowans can vote without fear of falling ill.
    Eddie Mauro: Protect the right to vote for everyone.
    Eddie Mauro: Overturn Citizens United; stop leadership PACs.
    Kimberly Graham: Undo Citizens United; end Electoral College.
    Kimberly Graham: End voter ID laws & voter suppression.
    Fred Hubbell: Supports term limits for Iowa governor.
    Kim Reynolds: Opposes term limits for Iowa governor.
    Jake Porter: Make voter registration easier.
    Marco Battaglia: Make election days national holidays.
    Cathy Glasson: Roll back voter ID law, start making voting easier for all.
    Andy McGuire: Repeal the voter ID law; lengthen the absentee voting.
    Kim Reynolds: Protect the ballot box with new voter ID laws.
    Terry Branstad: Require identification to vote.
    Abby Finkenauer: Opposed requiring identification to vote.
    Jim Carlin: Require identification to vote.
    Nate Boulton: Opposed requiring identification to vote.
    Rob Hogg: Require identification to vote.
    Patty Judge: Address unlimited amounts of undisclosed campaign money.
    Patty Judge: Special interests get too much help from Congress.
    Jay Williams Iowa: Campaigning without financing, to fight toxic system.
    Jay Williams Iowa: Fight nominating process of secretly pre-selected candidates.
    Carly Fiorina: Fire 100s of top executives from the Veterans Administration.
    Mike Huckabee: I'm sponsored by people like you, not by corporatists.
    Hillary Clinton: Wall Street donates to me because I rebuilt them after 9/11.
    Hillary Clinton: GOP is trying to suppress voter registration.
    Tom Fiegen: Whoever underwrites your campaign, owns you.
    Rob Hogg: Focus on campaign-finance reform and voting rights.
    Rob Hogg: Repeal the Citizens United Supreme Court decision.
    Ben Carson: 5-year federal hiring freeze, to decrease size of government.
    Rod Blum: Term Limits Amendment for House & Senate.
    Joni Ernst: Photo ID for voting.
    Doug Butzier: Make sure that votes are legal, & that people vote only once.
    Staci Appel: Public matching funds for congressional elections.
    Sam Clovis: Photo ID for voting.
    Tom Hoefling: Photo ID for voting.
    Bruce Braley: AdWatch: Opponent never made a peep about wasteful spending.
    Joni Ernst: AdWatch: I grew up castrating hogs; I know how to cut pork.
    Terry Branstad: 2010: No fees for government records; 2011: imposed fees.
    Joni Ernst: Roll back burdensome regulations.
    Rick Perry: Cut Congress' pay in half & make them part-time.
    Newt Gingrich: Press corps focuses on campaign minutia & not basic ideas.
    Terry Branstad: Sunset of rules and regulations every four years.
    Christopher Reed: Washington is broken & can’t be fixed by European socialism.
    Dennis Kucinich: 14th and 15th Amendment are being shredded.
    Duncan Hunter: Don’t share the role of commander in chief with V.P.
    John McCain: There’s only one president; V.P. sticks to official duties.
    Ron Paul: End government secrecy; restore openness of information.
    Ron Paul: With neocon philosophy, Cheney is more powerful than Bush.
    Rudy Giuliani: Qualification for VP is readiness for presidency, in wartime.
    Tommy Thompson: Cheney is honorable individual; doesn’t have too much power.
    John Kerry: Every vote must be counted.
    Dick Gephardt: Fact Check: Would ban lobbyist donations, but took $4.4 M.
    Bob Graham: $40B aid to states to cover unfunded mandates.
    Carol Moseley-Braun: Provide federal funding to states to cover unfunded mandates.
    Dennis Kucinich: End privatization: it sells government to lowest bidder.
    John Edwards: $50B aid to states to avoid municipal layoffs.
    Jack Hatch: Spending limits on political campaigns, & state funding.
    Al Gore: Justices should view Constitution as “living & breathing”.
    Al Gore: Reinvention cut Defense while investing in social programs.
    Al Gore: Public financing of elections and debates lead to trust.
    Bill Bradley: Money corrupts democracy.
    Steve Forbes: Remove gov’t from health care, retirement, & education.
    Elizabeth Dole: Roll back the bureaucracy: defend the 10th Amendment.
Gun Control
    Jim Carlin: Will never back down in fight to preserve Second Amendment.
    Theresa Greenfield: Endorsed by Everytown for Gun Safety for gun-sense majority.
    Theresa Greenfield: Supports background checks & gun violence research.
    Michael Franken: Background check; assault weapon ban; restrict magazine size.
    Eddie Mauro: Close gun show loophole; require gun owner insurance.
    Eddie Mauro: Refuses donations from NRA & gun manufacturers.
    Kimberly Graham: Repeal Dickey Amendment barring CDC from gun research.
    Theresa Greenfield: Like many Iowans who have guns, supports bipartisan laws.
    Theresa Greenfield: Would allow CDC to do research on gun violence.
    Eddie Mauro: Allow CDC & NIH to research data on gun violence.
    Kim Reynolds: Supports "stand your ground" provisions.
    Jake Porter: Absolute right to gun ownership.
    Marco Battaglia: Absolute right to gun ownership.
    Cathy Glasson: Gun violence is a public health crisis and an epidemic.
    Fred Hubbell: Start the conversation between gun control & public safety.
    Kim Reynolds: Concealed carry at statehouse okay.
    Terry Branstad: Kids over age 14 can use guns with parental approval.
    Nate Boulton: No guns for 14-year-olds, even with parental approval.
    Rob Hogg: No guns for 14-year-olds, even with parental approval.
    Joni Ernst: Purpose of Second Amendment is protection against tyranny.
    Patty Judge: Supports banning assault rifles.
    Chuck Grassley: No-fly lists are imperfect; allow gun sales to those on them.
    Patty Judge: Block gun sales to those on terrorist watch-lists.
    Jim Gilmore: On NRA board to protect 2nd amendment.
    Bernie Sanders: Do more than reverse gun manufacturer immunity.
    Hillary Clinton: Reverse gun manufacturer immunity; let them get sued.
    Martin O`Malley: Baltimore was safer with my comprehensive gun safety law.
    Martin O`Malley: Time to work together to crack down on gun manufacturers.
    Joni Ernst: Opposes more gun restrictions.
    Doug Butzier: Absolute right to gun ownership.
    Sam Clovis: Opposes more gun restrictions.
    Tom Hoefling: Opposes more gun restrictions.
    Sam Clovis: 2nd Amendment is about liberty, not just gun rights.
    Joni Ernst: Staunch defender of the Second Amendment.
    Bruce Braley: Allow lawsuits against gun manufacturers for gun violence.
    Bruce Braley: Ban sale of high-capacity magazines & recall existing ones.
    Sam Clovis: Reduce gun violence but not by punishing gun manufacturers.
    Chet Culver: Reduce barriers to issuing concealed carry permits.
    Rob Hogg: Reduce barriers to issuing concealed carry permits.
    Christopher Reed: Individual right to hunting guns and hand guns.
    Jack Hatch: Supports background checks, licensing, and enforcement.
    Tom Fiegen: Strengthen enforcement of existing state restrictions.
    Al Gore: Photo id’s for gun purchase; ban junk guns.
    Bill Bradley: Register and license all handguns.
    Gary Bauer: Churches should discuss souls, not gun resolutions.
    Gary Bauer: Promoting virtue would work better than passing gun laws.
    George W. Bush: Best gun control is more prosecution & certain jail.
    Steve Forbes: Prosecute crimes done with guns; not buying guns.
    John Kasich: Cool off before making new gun laws after Littleton.
    John Kasich: More parenting better than more gun laws.
Health Care
    Abby Finkenauer: As state rep fought for high-quality healthcare for all.
    Cindy Axne: Member of Affordable and Accessible Health Care Task Force.
    Jim Carlin: Allow seniors to deduct cost of prescription and OTC drugs.
    Kim Reynolds: $30 million over two years to fund mental health reform.
    Theresa Greenfield: Said she'd fight drug costs, but Big Pharma donated to her.
    Theresa Greenfield: Expand ACA, include public option.
    Joni Ernst: Medicare-for-All would bankrupt rural health care systems.
    Joni Ernst: Replace ACA but provide "backstop" for expensive cases.
    Joni Ernst: COVID: I wear a mask in public, but mandate is unenforceable.
    Theresa Greenfield: Medicaid expansion, but not Medicare-for-All.
    Theresa Greenfield: Health care is a right; build in a public option.
    Theresa Greenfield: COVID: I do support a statewide mask mandate.
    Theresa Greenfield: Strengthen ObamaCare; create public option.
    Michael Franken: Improve ObamaCare; add Medicare public option.
    Kim Reynolds: Kept state "open for business" during pandemic.
    Eddie Mauro: Medicare for all (under age 55) who want it.
    Amy Klobuchar: Non-profit public option: I have a plan for that.
    Amy Klobuchar: We need a paid-for healthcare plan, not a pipe dream.
    Bernie Sanders: Medicare-for-All saves money to offset raising taxes.
    Bernie Sanders: End the absurdity of co-payments and $600B corporate costs.
    Bernie Sanders: Help insurance industry employees transition to new jobs.
    Elizabeth Warren: Let government manufacture drugs when there's a price spike.
    Elizabeth Warren: Tax the 1 percent and we can provide health care to all.
    Joe Biden: 4% tax doesn't bring in trillions to cover Medicare for All.
    Joe Biden: Add mental health parity to ObamaCare, with Biden option.
    Kim Reynolds: Shift mental health funding from property tax to state.
    Kim Reynolds: Telehealth is a reality and will help underserved Iowans.
    Pete Buttigieg: Individual mandate so no such thing as an uninsured American.
    Pete Buttigieg: My plan does not cost the most, but isn't small.
    Tom Steyer: Break corporate stranglehold to get public option.
    Tom Steyer: Term limits will break stranglehold on low taxes for rich.
    Kimberly Graham: Advocates universal, single-payer government coverage.
    Theresa Greenfield: Expand access to affordable health care.
    Eddie Mauro: Everybody needs to have health care in this country.
    Fred Hubbell: Stop Medicaid privatization; it failed the most vulnerable.
    Jake Porter: Oppose ObamaCare.
    Marco Battaglia: Oppose ObamaCare; move to a freer market in medicine.
    Cathy Glasson: Medicare For All: fundamental right to health care.
    Kim Reynolds: Individualized, patient-centered managed care for Medicaid.
    Kim Reynolds: Train all doctors to recognize mental health challenges.
    Nate Boulton: Focus on vulnerable people rather than corporate profits.
    Rich Leopold: Our handling of mental illness & medical coverage is abysmal.
    Kim Reynolds: ObamaCare is unaffordable, unworkable, and unsustainable.
    Terry Branstad: ObamaCare is unaffordable, unworkable, and unsustainable.
    Terry Branstad: Transform mental health system to community-based model.
    Patty Judge: Look again at affordable health care.
    Andy McGuire: Healthcare is a right for all Iowans.
    Andy McGuire: Reduce costs through preventive care, lower drug prices.
    Bob Krause: 70% of Millenials support ObamaCare.
    Tom Fiegen: Stop the scam of paying generic drug makers to NOT sell.
    Rob Hogg: Supports the Affordable Care Act.
    Donald Trump: ObamaCare is a catastrophe that must be repealed & replaced.
    Donald Trump: Save Medicare & Medicaid without cutting them to the bone.
    Ted Cruz: Support nuns' battle for religious liberty against ObamaCare.
    David Young: Market solutions better than one-size-fits-all ObamaCare.
    Bruce Braley: Repealing ObamaCare would deprive millions of insurance.
    Pat Murphy: Raise cigarette tax to expand healthcare to 40,000 children.
    Joni Ernst: ObamaCare is egregious overreach of federal government.
    Joni Ernst: FactCheck: False claim that ObamaCare cut Medicare benefits.
    Bruce Braley: Vehemently opposes tort reform: don't take away right to sue.
    Bruce Braley: ObamaCare should be fixed and improved, not repealed.
    Doug Butzier: Opposes ObamaCare.
    Sam Clovis: Repeal ObamaCare; it's not a government responsibility.
    Sam Clovis: Repeal ObamaCare, the Unaffordable Care Act.
    Bruce Braley: AdWatch: Targeted by RNC robocalls for support of ObamaCare.
    Joni Ernst: Voted against Medicaid expansion in Iowa.
    Sam Clovis: Keep ObamaCare rule: kids can stay on parent's plan until 26.
    Joni Ernst: Staunchly opposed to ObamaCare.
    Michele Bachmann: 2012 is our one shot to get rid of ObamaCare.
    Mitt Romney: Return healthcare to states, under the 10th Amendment.
    Mitt Romney: No FEDERAL individual mandate; but state mandate ok.
    Newt Gingrich: HillaryCare mandate ok; ObamaCare mandate unconstitutional.
    Rick Perry: ObamaCare is an abomination for this country.
    Ron Paul: Government should not protect you from yourself.
    Michele Bachmann: I fought; when others ran, I fought.
    Michele Bachmann: Government has no authority to force people to buy insurance.
    Mitt Romney: ObamaCare's biggest difference: I believe in 10th Amendment.
    Mitt Romney: MA Constitution allows mandate; US Constitution does not.
    Rick Santorum: If we let states mandate insurance, sterilization is ok too.
    Ron Paul: States CAN mandate insurance, but it's a bad idea.
    Tim Pawlenty: We did healthcare the right way in Minnesota.
    Tim Pawlenty: ObamneyCare: ObamaCare was patterned after RomneyCare.
    Terry Branstad: Lifestyle changes make people healthier & save state money.
    Terry Branstad: Mental Health Care Reform: secure vulnerable Iowans.
    Chuck Grassley: Medicare has more drugs by not negotiating prices like VA.
    Roxanne Conlin: Negotiate prescription drugs for Medicare like we do for VA.
    Roxanne Conlin: Reward quality of care, not quantity.
    Roxanne Conlin: Moral imperative to prevent 45,000 deaths from lack of care.
    Christopher Reed: First cut waste, fraud, & abuse in Medicare/Medicaid.
    Barack Obama: Being poor in this country is hazardous to your health.
    Hillary Clinton: Pledges to support $50B for AIDS relief in US and world.
    Duncan Hunter: Allow Americans to buy health insurance across state lines.
    Duncan Hunter: SCHIP bill is the first extension of socialized medicine.
    Mike Huckabee: Give Americans Congress’ healthcare, or give Congress ours.
    Mitt Romney: Insure 45 million uninsured with a free-market based system.
    Rudy Giuliani: $15,000 tax deduction for health savings accounts.
    Sam Brownback: Market-based solution over socialized government-pay system.
    Tom Tancredo: Womb-to-tomb health care is not federal responsibility.
    Tom Tancredo: FactCheck: Illegals use less medical care than citizens.
    Tommy Thompson: Convert illness & disease system to wellness & prevention.
    Tommy Thompson: End breast cancer by the year 2015 for all women in America.
    Dick Gephardt: AdWatch: Criticizes Dean for 11-year-old outdated stances.
    Carol Moseley-Braun: Single-payer system is the only answer.
    John Edwards: Cap on damages for personal injuries is discriminatory.
    Dick Gephardt: Fact Check: Dean agreed with Clinton on cuts, not Gingrich.
    Howard Dean: Fact Check: Dean agreed with Clinton on cuts, not Gingrich.
    Carol Moseley-Braun: Break link between healthcare and employment.
    Al Sharpton: Right to health care, to education, and to vote.
    Bob Graham: Rx drug benefit without herding people into HMOs.
    Carol Moseley-Braun: Pay for universal care with money already in system.
    Carol Moseley-Braun: Replace patchwork system with Medicare-modeled system.
    Dennis Kucinich: Private companies charge 18% admin & Medicare charges 3%.
    Dick Gephardt: Tax breaks to all companies to cover all employees.
    Dick Gephardt: Subsidize 60% of health costs for all employees.
    Howard Dean: Bush prescription: take 2 tax cuts and see me in the morning.
    Howard Dean: As doctor, knows health system; and knows how to pass plan.
    John Edwards: Bush works for big HMOs and big pharma; I stand up for you.
    Al Gore: Weighted averages don’t work in Medicaid world.
    Bill Bradley: All people on Medicaid should have a primary care physician.
    Alan Keyes: Health care choice will save money for long-term health care.
    Gary Bauer: A patient bill of rights fits the conservative agenda.
    George W. Bush: Tax-deductible long-term care insurance for retirement.
    George W. Bush: Replace 132,000-page Medicare document with senior choice.
    Orrin Hatch: Home health and nursing homes should be more affordable.
    Steve Forbes: Replace “gatekeepers” with health care vouchers.
    Al Gore: Help seniors by helping Medicare.
    Bill Bradley: Covering drugs is the key to reducing health care costs.
    Alan Keyes: Focus on cost-reductions, not methods of payment.
    Alan Keyes: Let market determine health payments, not bureaucrats.
    George W. Bush: Keep Medicare in government, but provide flexibility.
    George W. Bush: Create Review Board to hear HMO complaints.
    John McCain: Matching funds for seniors citizens’ prescription drugs.
    John McCain: Expand health insurance to 11 million uninsured children.
Homeland Security
    Cindy Axne: Introduced bill supporting rural veteran mental health care.
    Jim Carlin: We must maintain military superiority over China.
    Theresa Greenfield: Take care of veterans with healthcare & jobs.
    Elizabeth Warren: Fight to get military benefits, but cut defense budget.
    Fred Hubbell: Respects and honors the military's courage and sacrifices.
    Marco Battaglia: Rein in the military-industrial complex.
    Patty Judge: Military is last resort, when diplomacy is exhausted.
    Carly Fiorina: Benghazi matters because we didn't seek retribution.
    Jim Gilmore: Psychology services should be included in veteran benefits.
    Jim Gilmore: I think Gitmo ought to remain open.
    Jim Gilmore: Dangerous to give Iran option to develop nuclear program.
    Marco Rubio: Send more terrorists to Gitmo; find out everything they know.
    Marco Rubio: FactCheck: Yes, Air Force is now smallest in its history.
    Rand Paul: Let's get warrants the old-fashioned way: via 4th Amendment.
    Bernie Sanders: Rid our planet of this barbarous organization called ISIS.
    Bernie Sanders: We spend billions on nuclear weapons & only 10% on terrorism.
    Hillary Clinton: Adversaries of the future: terrorists as well as drone subs.
    Martin O`Malley: Nature of warfare has changed: focus on intel, not armies.
    Bob Krause: Improve conditions for veterans, including PTSD & MSA.
    Tom Fiegen: Take care of veterans and their families.
    Bernie Sanders: Cut defense by $18B to pay for 55% of all college tuition.
    Carly Fiorina: On Benghazi: I'm familiar with America's allies and enemies.
    Donald Trump: Defeat ISIS and stop Islamic terrorists.
    John Bolton: America is less secure now than we were six years ago.
    Newt Gingrich: Threat of militant Islam is comparable to pre-WWII Nazis.
    Sarah Palin: Muslim jihadists threaten our way of life.
    David Young: Soldiers deserve the best medical care available, period.
    Rod Blum: Oppose FISA warrantless searches; oppose roving wiretaps.
    Joni Ernst: I understand the importance a strong national defense.
    Bruce Braley: Yes, missed 75% of Veterans' hearings; but made 97% of votes.
    Doug Butzier: Stop expanding the military.
    Sam Clovis: Maintain a superior nuclear arsenal.
    Joni Ernst: Military experience always plays role in decision-making.
    Chet Culver: More funding for veteran's jobs, homes, and education.
    Sam Clovis: Military holds a special place in fabric of American society.
    Joni Ernst: Keep veterans in forefront of all foreign policy decisions.
    Joni Ernst: Strong national defense makes the world is a safer place.
    Joni Ernst: I'm a veteran; honor and care for our nation's veterans.
    Ron Paul: 17,000 troops for Baghdad embassy? Come home!
    Michele Bachmann: No Miranda rights for terrorists; expand Guantanamo.
    Ron Paul: Neither Dems nor GOP will cut one nickel from militarism.
    Ron Paul: Many terrorists have been properly tried in US courts.
    Terry Branstad: Exempt active-duty military from paying state income tax.
    Roxanne Conlin: Opposes 30,000 troop surge in Afghanistan.
    Christopher Reed: Opposes the draft; all-volunteer force is best.
    Barack Obama: Give 18-year-old women opportunity to serve.
    Bill Richardson: 2 years of college tuition for 1 year of national service.
    Chris Dodd: Strong advocate of universal national service.
    Dennis Kucinich: National service yes; military draft no.
    Hillary Clinton: Examine registering 18-year-old women for selective service.
    Joe Biden: Universal national service, in military or Peace Corps.
    John Edwards: I think we need a president who asks Americans to sacrifice.
    John McCain: Radical Islamic extremism is a hydra-headed challenge.
    Rudy Giuliani: FactCheck: Dems don’t say “Islamic” but do say “terrorism”.
    Carol Moseley-Braun: Color-coded warnings are no substitute for diplomacy.
    John Kerry: Bush misused the authority Congress gave him.
    John Kerry: Color-coded warning system needs to be changed.
    Joseph Lieberman: Intelligence system must be reformed.
    Joseph Lieberman: Win the hearts and minds of the Muslim world.
    Dennis Kucinich: Weapons in outer space and missile shields are DOD waste.
    Howard Dean: Saddam is a distraction; focus on Al Qaeda.
    John Edwards: Reduce $9B spending on missile defense.
    Al Gore: Commit troops only if diplomacy fails and if it’s winnable.
    Bill Bradley: The UN, not the US, is the world’s policeman.
    John McCain: Women have proven themselves in combat-no restrictions.
    George W. Bush: Rebuild military power to deal with world of terror.
    Jim Carlin: Secure borders before discussing eligibility for citizenship.
    Joni Ernst: Path for DACA participants, against overall amnesty.
    Theresa Greenfield: Wants plan that tough on workplace enforcement.
    Joni Ernst: Legal residency for DREAMers; need bipartisan solution.
    Theresa Greenfield: Pathway for illegal immigrants; legal status for DREAMers.
    Theresa Greenfield: Fix immigration system; support DREAMers and border security.
    Michael Franken: Pathway to citizenship; expand worker visa program.
    Kimberly Graham: Citizenship for DACA & families.
    Eddie Mauro: Fighting for immigrant rights near and dear to me.
    Kim Reynolds: Secure our border, but no family separations.
    Andy McGuire: We need comprehensive federal immigration policy.
    Cathy Glasson: We need path to citizenship and to keep families together.
    Fred Hubbell: No use of local enforcement during federal immigration raids.
    Marco Battaglia: Pathway to citizenship for illegal aliens.
    Nate Boulton: No use of local enforcement during federal immigration raids.
    Cathy Glasson: Welcomes immigrants and wants them to feel safe and secure.
    Kim Reynolds: End DACA, but Congress should act.
    Patty Judge: DACA and DAPA are first steps toward reforming broken system.
    Hillary Clinton: Net immigration from Mexico has fallen to zero.
    Martin O`Malley: Our symbol is the Statue of Liberty, not a barbed wire fence.
    Bob Krause: 67% of Millenials support pathway to citizenship.
    Scott Walker: We have too many legal immigrants.
    Lindsey Graham: Legal status for undocumented workers.
    Ben Carson: Use Canadian model for guest worker program.
    Jeb Bush: Immigrants are an engine of economic vitality.
    Ben Carson: Common-sense solutions: guest workers plus harsher penalties.
    Rick Perry: If Washington refuses to enforce the border, Texas will.
    Rod Blum: Secure the border; then loosen red tape for H1B visas.
    Joni Ernst: Protect the borders; prevent illegal entry.
    Bruce Braley: Supports comprehensive reform but not amnesty.
    Doug Butzier: Turn illegal aliens into taxpayers by legalizing them.
    Sam Clovis: Protect the borders; prevent illegal entry.
    Sam Clovis: Border security at the very top of the priority list.
    Herman Cain: We have a path to citizenship: it's called legal immigration.
    Jon Huntsman: End patchwork of state laws & just secure the border.
    Mitt Romney: I like legal immigration; let business determine visas.
    Newt Gingrich: Citizen Boards to decide which immigrants stay and go.
    Ron Paul: Pay attention to US borders, not international borders.
    Roxanne Conlin: No amnesty; secure the southern border.
    Chet Culver: Feds should deal with immigration, not state police.
    Terry Branstad: Cops should check citizenship status during traffic stops.
    Christopher Reed: Illegal border crossers are felons, not “guests”.
    Hillary Clinton: Crack down on employers who exploit undocumented workers.
    Joe Biden: Americans will do any job if you pay them properly.
    John Edwards: End immigrant raids that separate parents from children.
    Rob Hogg: Civil penalties for employing unauthorized aliens.
    Rob Hogg: No home mortgages for illegal immigrants.
    Dennis Kucinich: Bush immigration program is indentured servitude.
    Dick Gephardt: Immigration service is a mess and needs reform.
    Dick Gephardt: Federal government should help illegal immigrants.
    Howard Dean: Be careful about granting citizenship for military services.
    John Edwards: Differentiate terrorists from the immigrants.
    Joseph Lieberman: Make sure immigrants are treated fairly.
    Jack Hatch: Opposes English as the official language.
    Al Gore: Immigrants from communist Cuba are different.
    Abby Finkenauer: Voted for the PRO (Protecting the Right to Organize) Act.
    Cindy Axne: Co-sponsored National Apprenticeship Act to expand programs.
    Cindy Axne: Close gender wage gap, challenge wage discrimination.
    Theresa Greenfield: Investment in ag research will improve crops and soils.
    Joni Ernst: Co-sponsored National Right to Work Act.
    Theresa Greenfield: COVID: Expand benefits for laid-off workers.
    Joni Ernst: Maybe index minimum wage to GDP, but not same for all states.
    Theresa Greenfield: Raise minimum wage to $15 over time.
    Theresa Greenfield: Strengthen unions, they built the middle class.
    Theresa Greenfield: Supports a living wage; equal pay for equal work.
    Michael Franken: Endorses a federal ban on right to work laws.
    Eddie Mauro: Workers have right to unionize; update Labor Relations Act.
    Kimberly Graham: Equal pay for equal work.
    Fred Hubbell: Raise minimum wage at state level; allow cities to raise too.
    Kim Reynolds: Keep minimum wage at $7.25; don't allow cities to raise it.
    Fred Hubbell: Believes in unions and equitable collective bargaining.
    Jake Porter: Oppose affirmative action.
    Marco Battaglia: Oppose affirmative action.
    Cathy Glasson: High priority to making union access available to all.
    Cathy Glasson: Fight to raise minimum wage to $15 per hour.
    Nate Boulton: Equal pay for equal work.
    Kim Reynolds: Decide workforce training at local level with job creators.
    Nate Boulton: $15 minimum wage indexed to inflation.
    Patty Judge: Increase the federal minimum wage & all working wages.
    Patty Judge: Take action to increase the minimum wage.
    Andy McGuire: Dedicate resources to apprenticeships & job training.
    Andy McGuire: Raise the minimum wage to $15/hr.
    Andy McGuire: Restoring collective bargaining for Iowa workers.
    Patty Judge: Raise minimum wage to $15 an hour, instead of tax breaks.
    Rob Hogg: Pay discrimination threatens morale as well as society.
    Carly Fiorina: I will cut some jobs to save others, like I did at HP.
    Rick Santorum: Take jobs back from China so US is #1 in manufacturing.
    Bernie Sanders: $15 minimum wage might lose some jobs, but it helps many.
    Hillary Clinton: $12 minimum wage, indexed for the future.
    Martin O`Malley: Maryland was first state to pass a living wage of $10.10.
    Bob Krause: Increase minimum wage; increase union rights.
    Scott Walker: Anti-state unions but pro-private unions.
    Rick Perry: The official unemployment rate is massaged and doctored.
    Pat Murphy: Raised Iowa minimum wage to $7.25; now push for $10.10.
    Joni Ernst: Raising the minimum wage would not improve the economy.
    Jack Hatch: Raise the minimum wage & cut middle-class taxes.
    Terry Branstad: Iowa Partnership for Economic Progress: investment for jobs.
    Joni Ernst: Top priority: Jobs and economy.
    Mitt Romney: The free economy means sometimes we lose jobs.
    Mitt Romney: Replace jobless benefits with unemployment savings accounts.
    Terry Branstad: Reduce burdensome regulation by public/private job team.
    Roxanne Conlin: Small business tax credits to create jobs.
    Chet Culver: No wage discrimination due to gender, race, or orientation.
    Chet Culver: End wage discrimination based on gender identity.
    Kim Reynolds: Voting NAY on ending gender identity wage discrimination.
    Rob Hogg: No wage discrimination due to gender, race, or orientation.
    John Edwards: We need a president who’s willing to say the word “union”.
    Mitt Romney: FactCheck: Yes,US added 50M jobs since ‘78; but EU added 36M.
    Al Sharpton: Institutional discrimination still hinders minorities.
    Al Sharpton: Create jobs that are necessary.
    Carol Moseley-Braun: Provide capital job development in minority communities.
    Dick Gephardt: Ask the WTO for an international minimum wage.
    John Kerry: Provide employment opportunities to minorities.
    Carol Moseley-Braun: Focus on troubled fundamentals despite good short-term trend.
    Carol Moseley-Braun: Fact Check: Claims Bush cost US 6M jobs - really only 3.2M.
    Howard Dean: Support farming via family farms, not corporate farms.
    Joseph Lieberman: For counter-cyclical farm subsides, despite criticism abroad.
    Dick Gephardt: AdWatch: claims Bush did worst on jobs-but Reagan did worse.
    Al Sharpton: Need federal laws to protect workers, not state-by-state.
    Al Sharpton: On picket lines & in jails for 35 years for workers rights.
    Bob Graham: We pay bonuses in suites & fire workers in basement.
    Dennis Kucinich: Enshrine workers’ rights in a workers’ White House.
    Dennis Kucinich: Joblessness is a weapon of mass destruction.
    Dick Gephardt: Represents hard-working labor union people.
    Dick Gephardt: Establish international minimum wage.
    Howard Dean: Supports living wage via subsidies for kids & housing.
    Dennis Kucinich: Engrave into stone the rights of working people.
    Alan Keyes: Family farms: Decollectivize banks; withdraw from WTO.
    Gary Bauer: Family farms: Demand that Europe stop protecting theirs.
    George W. Bush: Family farms: Food for Peace instead of food as a weapon.
    John McCain: Family farms: Crop insurance; reduce inheritance tax.
    Orrin Hatch: Family farms: Crop insurance; no capital gains on land.
    Steve Forbes: Family farms: Lower interest rates; enforce anti-trust.
    Al Gore: Base farm policy, like hormones in livestock, on science.
    Alan Keyes: Family farms are nursery of moral character.
    John McCain: Ethanol is not worth it, even in Iowa.
    Orrin Hatch: Assist farmers in transition to free market.
    Steve Forbes: Ethanol should be self-sufficient by 2007.
    Steve Forbes: Raise wages by allowing growth, not by fiat.
    Bill Bradley: Labor reform: Give teeth to pro-union laws.
    Bill Bradley: Supports unions for home-health & day-care workers.
    Bill Bradley: Increase minimum wage; universal health coverage.
    Dan Quayle: End farm crisis by more exports & tax relief.
    Steve Forbes: Farm crisis caused by federal policies.
Local Issues
    Kim Reynolds: Reform state professional licensing process.
    Jack Hatch: Let market forces decide on new casinos, not politics.
    Terry Branstad: Let Gaming Commission decide location of new casinos, if any.
    Terry Branstad: Saving costs is a priority: rescind RICE rule.
Principles & Values
    Abby Finkenauer: Family taught her never think you're better than anyone else.
    Abby Finkenauer: Since insurrection, GOP has turned its back on democracy.
    Jim Carlin: Most important issue: preserving freedom for next generation.
    Theresa Greenfield: As scrappy farm kid, pick yourself up when knocked down.
    Ashley Hinson: Getting started in Congress; considering run for Senate.
    Michael Franken: Probity of character transcends all.
    Elizabeth Warren: Women candidates out-perform men candidates.
    Joe Biden: Trump's lies about me are so bad that TV won't show them.
    Theresa Greenfield: Shaped by growing up on family farm.
    Jake Porter: Freely practice beliefs so long as not hurting others.
    Marco Battaglia: Freely practice beliefs so long as not hurting others.
    Rich Leopold: I'm a person of faith; I volunteer with faith-based groups.
    Jay Williams Iowa: Truth, Life and Love--my values & American values.
    Jay Williams Iowa: Ordained ULC minister and United Methodist Lay Servant.
    Carly Fiorina: We need a president NOT from professional political class.
    Carly Fiorina: People care about issues, not GOP internal affairs.
    Carly Fiorina: Hillary should be prosecuted; not be president.
    Carly Fiorina: Come help me take our country back.
    Jim Gilmore: Establishment media wrong to shape the presidential campaign.
    Jim Gilmore: Son of meat cutter who was not rich but gave me values.
    John Kasich: Establishment lane, anti-establishment lane & Kasich lane.
    Mike Huckabee: A President should care about regular folk, not just elites.
    Mike Huckabee: Motto as governor and now, "Come, let us reason together".
    Rick Santorum: Vote for leader of free world; not for who entertains you.
    Rick Santorum: Obama is divisive & untrustworthy; I am respectful.
    Rick Santorum: Trust Iowans to pick best leader rather than follow polls.
    Tom Fiegen: Progressive battling for the soul of the Democratic party.
    Scott Walker: My relationship with God drives every major decision.
    Scott Walker: Raised as a "P.K.", Pastor's Kid, by his father Pastor Llew.
    David Young: Optimism is at the center of America's continued greatness.
    Joni Ernst: Judeo-Christian values established our government framework.
    Doug Butzier: Oppose limits on prayer in public places.
    Sam Clovis: Judeo-Christian values established our government framework.
    Jack Hatch: Iowans are ready for a fresh start.
    Joni Ernst: FactCheck: Missed half of state Senate votes for campaigning.
    Bruce Braley: Apologizes for denigrating Senator as farmer & not lawyer.
    Joni Ernst: AdWatch: "Let's make 'em squeal" in Washington.
    Tom Hoefling: Straight up the middle Reagan conservative.
    Terry Branstad: The Iowa Dream: working hard; working together.
    Matthew Whitaker: OpEd: disagrees with entire liberal laundry list.
    Joni Ernst: Values we grew up with are being threatened now.
    Ron Paul: Freedom is based on tolerance and non-violence.
    Jon Huntsman: If you love your country, you serve her.
    Michele Bachmann: Make Obama a one-term president.
    Chuck Grassley: My re-election ensures Iowa is not denied Senate seniority.
    Roxanne Conlin: Republicans only offer more of the same.
    Barack Obama: We are choosing hope over fear.
    Barack Obama: If you join me I promise you we can change America.
    Hillary Clinton: Running to continue work I’ve done for 35 years.
    Duncan Hunter: Restore economic patriotism: America is arsenal of democracy.
    Mike Huckabee: Defining mistake: neglecting his health for decades.
    Mike Huckabee: Never forget that ordinary citizens are the President’s boss.
    Mitt Romney: Bush & Cheney have made mistakes, but have kept us safe.
    Mitt Romney: Strong families, a strong economy and a strong military.
    Rudy Giuliani: I have executive experience; I can restore hope to America.
    Sam Brownback: Bush has over-relied on Cheney’s experience.
    Tom Tancredo: Defining mistake: waiting 30 years to accept Jesus as savior.
    Tom Tancredo: We can no longer afford political correctness.
    Tommy Thompson: Bring into administration Dems, Republicans, & independents.
    Howard Dean: Constitution says power belongs to the people-not to Bush.
    John Edwards: Two Americas: one does the work, the other reaps the reward.
    John Edwards: Make America an ownership society.
    Al Sharpton: I want to privatize only one thing: privatize George Bush.
    Carol Moseley-Braun: Fight the greedy and help the needy.
    Howard Dean: Democrats are as angry at Dems as at GOP.
    Howard Dean: Rule by hope instead of rule by fear.
    John Edwards: Fight for values of people and workers over privilege.
    John Edwards: Fight for values of people and workers over privilege.
    Alan Keyes: Bring God back into the White House.
    Gary Bauer: America needs to return to the ethics of Ronald Reagan.
    Gary Bauer: First priority is to outlaw abortion.
    John McCain: Foreign policy should not be shaped by photo-ops & polls.
    Bill Bradley: Should we take risks? If not now, when? If not us, who?
    Orrin Hatch: President should set a moral example.
    George W. Bush: Government can create an environment for prosperity.
    George W. Bush: Keys to American prosperity.
    George W. Bush: Philosophy of governing.
Social Security
    Cindy Axne: Stop cuts to benefits for current and future retirees.
    Jim Carlin: Increase Cost-of-Living Adjustment to reflect rising prices.
    Joni Ernst: Consider all options for solvency; must be bipartisan.
    Theresa Greenfield: Don't raise retirement age; make wealthy pay fair share.
    Theresa Greenfield: Opposes privatization of Social Security & Medicare.
    Michael Franken: Reform tax cap; raise benefits; no privatization.
    Theresa Greenfield: Social Security personal, helped when husband died on job.
    Eddie Mauro: Protect Social Security & Medicare.
    Theresa Greenfield: Credits Social Security with support after death of husband.
    Marco Battaglia: Individual private accounts to replace Social Security.
    Nate Boulton: Expand retirement savings options & make them portable.
    Patty Judge: Adjust benefits for caregivers who take time off work.
    Patty Judge: Vital to protect program; increase cap but don't privatize.
    Tom Fiegen: Expand it rather than cut it.
    Rod Blum: Compromise on all options, to ensure future of program.
    Pat Murphy: Senior Living Trust Fund: expand in-home care.
    Joni Ernst: Something like personal savings accounts for younger workers.
    Bruce Braley: Privatizing Social Security turns it over to Wall Street.
    Joni Ernst: Open to privatizing Social Security, but honor promises.
    Doug Butzier: Privatize the Ponzi scheme in gradual and voluntary manner.
    Matthew Whitaker: No hope that Social Security will be there for future.
    Joni Ernst: Preserve and protect Social Security & Medicare.
    Roxanne Conlin: Defend Social Security instead of privatizing it.
    Chet Culver: More employee & employer contributions to public retirement.
    Rob Hogg: More employee & employer contributions to public retirement.
    Christopher Reed: Let younger workers opt out.
    Tom Harkin: Privatization failed before we had Social Security.
    Christopher Reed: Honor promises, but chance to opt out of Social Security.
    Christopher Reed: Establishing Social Security was possibly a mistake.
    Mitt Romney: Reform entitlements by negotiating behind closed doors.
    Mitt Romney: Honor expectations of recipients, but take action for future.
    John Kerry: I will never privatize, extend retirement age, nor cut SS.
    Dennis Kucinich: Stop privatization and return retirement age to 65.
Tax Reform
    Jim Carlin: Tax relief for middle class, not Wall Street.
    Jim Carlin: Abolish the death tax on family farms.
    Kim Reynolds: We need to continue the conversation about cutting taxes.
    Joni Ernst: 2017 tax cuts gave relief to 1 million Iowans.
    Michael Franken: Eliminate loopholes used by wealthy & corporations.
    Eddie Mauro: Those benefiting the most have an obligation to pay.
    Theresa Greenfield: Wealthy & corporations need to pay their fair share.
    Kim Reynolds: Reduce top state income tax rate to 5.5% by 2023.
    Tom Vilsack: One sliver of society isn't going to pay for the rest of us.
    Fred Hubbell: Equitable tax system, instead of one based on who you know.
    Jake Porter: Phase out the statewide sales tax.
    Marco Battaglia: Phase out the income tax.
    Cathy Glasson: End corporate welfare tax practice; make them pay fair share.
    Kim Reynolds: Update Iowa tax code to take advantage of federal tax cuts.
    Mike Huckabee: Higher tax brackets punish people for more work.
    Rick Santorum: My 10% flat tax brings 3.5M jobs back to America.
    Bernie Sanders: Wealthiest will pay more but not as much as under Eisenhower.
    Martin O`Malley: Wealthiest should pay more but not as much as under Reagan.
    Tom Fiegen: Since 1980s, we've transferred wealth to the very rich.
    Rick Perry: Lower taxes & less regulation made Texas a job leader.
    David Young: Tax code should be fairer, flatter and simpler.
    Rod Blum: Reduce taxes on business and individuals.
    Joni Ernst: Make tax code fairer, flatter and simpler: but not FairTax.
    Doug Butzier: Higher taxes on the wealthy are counterproductive to economy.
    Joni Ernst: Signed Grover Norquist tax pledge: never raise taxes.
    Tom Hoefling: Eliminate the state's income tax & special crony favors.
    Sam Clovis: Transition from personal income tax system to a FairTax.
    Joni Ernst: Passed the largest tax cut in Iowa history.
    Joni Ernst: IRS is a predatory, bureaucratic, out-of-control disaster.
    Rob Hogg: Increase the earned income tax credit (EITC).
    Michele Bachmann: Health Impact Fee: opposed cigarette tax but voted for life.
    Mitt Romney: I cut taxes 19 times as MA governor.
    Tim Pawlenty: Health Impact Fee: increased cigarette tax but regretted it.
    Terry Branstad: Reduce commercial & residential property tax.
    Christopher Reed: Lower taxes means increased revenue, via the Laffer curve.
    John McCain: Make tax reform commission & vote yes-or-no on outcome.
    John McCain: FactCheck: Families spend $20B on tax prep, not $140B.
    Mike Huckabee: Tax system penalizes productivity; needs complete overhaul.
    Mitt Romney: Commission studied FairTax and found serious flaws.
    Rudy Giuliani: Reducing taxes is a way to raise MORE money.
    Rudy Giuliani: Eliminate the death tax immediately.
    Rudy Giuliani: Too complex to get to FairTax; focus on reducing taxes.
    Sam Brownback: Supports optional flat tax in income tax; not FairTax.
    Tom Tancredo: Co-sponsored FairTax because income tax manipulates behavior.
    Howard Dean: Plan to increase corporate taxes.
    Howard Dean: Cutting payroll taxes is not a bad idea.
    Dennis Kucinich: Fact Check: Says $40K earners pay same as $400K -not really.
    Howard Dean: Fact Check: Dean says 60% got $304-really 50% got over $470.
    Al Sharpton: Bush tax cuts make us victims of a war of mass distraction.
    Al Sharpton: Bush isn’t cutting taxes, he’s shifting taxes.
    Carol Moseley-Braun: Roll back the tax cut to create peace and prosperity.
    Howard Dean: Bush’s tax cuts made $10,000 debt for every child.
    Alan Keyes: Abolish the income tax and spend money responsibly.
    George W. Bush: Remove unfairness from the tax code.
    John McCain: Replace employer-provided benefits with a tax cut.
    Orrin Hatch: It will take political experience to reform the tax code.
    Steve Forbes: A flat tax will help families, homeowners, and charities.
    George W. Bush: Reduce tax rates; return surplus to taxpayers.
    Cindy Axne: Improve broadband access in rural communities.
    Jim Carlin: Time to break up Big Tech & protect personal privacy.
    Jim Carlin: Vital that farmers have access to 5G technology.
    Kim Reynolds: $450 million for statewide high-speed broadband by 2025.
    Theresa Greenfield: Expand broadband; public/private partnership to get there.
    Michael Franken: High speed internet access for rural and depressed areas.
    Theresa Greenfield: Invest in infrastructure for broadband and bridges.
    Bernie Sanders: Our infrastructure is crumbling because of endless wars.
    Kim Reynolds: Broadband is not a luxury; it's critical infrastructure.
    Kim Reynolds: Access to high speed internet is crucial: dedicate $140M.
    Fred Hubbell: Expand affordable rural internet access.
    Kim Reynolds: Internet grew & thrived before net neutrality.
    Cathy Glasson: Create jobs with infrastructure investment.
    Kim Reynolds: Expand broadband capabilities to every corner of rural Iowa.
    Fred Hubbell: Infrastructure investment is needed in rural areas too.
    Nate Boulton: Invest in rural infrastructure, including for tourism.
    Kim Reynolds: STEM initiative to prepare for a 21st century economy.
    Rob Hogg: Invest in flood protection & soil conservation.
    Rod Blum: Government misuse of technology erodes Bill of Rights.
    Terry Branstad: Fix crumbling bridges AND rural internet.
    Terry Branstad: Connect Every Iowan Act: broadband to under-served areas.
    Mitt Romney: Mining the moon costs too much.
    Newt Gingrich: America should be in space, aggressively & entrepreneurially.
    Terry Branstad: Partnership between state and Google is good for jobs.
    Jon Huntsman: Cyber intrusion is the new battlefield, and an act of war.
    John McCain: Veto pork barrel; focus transportation spending on repairs.
    Mike Huckabee: Spend on our infrastructure instead of other countries’.
    Mike Huckabee: Cars’ navigation systems are better than air traffic control.
    Mitt Romney: Invest in infrastructure from growing economy by lower taxes.
    Rudy Giuliani: Lower taxes AND fix infrastructure.
    Dennis Kucinich: Technologies will create jobs.
    Dick Gephardt: Space programs shouldn’t be a top priority.
    Al Sharpton: $250 billion infrastructure-redevelopment plan.
    Howard Dean: Invest in rural broadband to replace lost farm jobs.
War & Peace
    Michael Franken: Foreign aid to one country can impact entire region.
    Amy Klobuchar: I opposed Iraq War from the very beginning.
    Amy Klobuchar: Trump is taking us pell-mell into war with Iran.
    Amy Klobuchar: No Iranian nukes, via reinstating joint nuclear deal.
    Bernie Sanders: Great disasters of our time--Vietnam & Iraq--based on lies.
    Bernie Sanders: Passed bipartisan War Powers Act to stop Yemen war.
    Bernie Sanders: Endless war in Iraq cost us trillions and 4,500 troops.
    Elizabeth Warren: We cannot do everything with combat troops: out of Mideast.
    Joe Biden: Pull troops out of Mideast, except to patrol Gulf and ISIS.
    Joe Biden: As veep, worked to end Iraq war.
    Joe Biden: Iraq war vote mistake based on Bush/Cheney lies.
    Joe Biden: Leave special forces in Mideast, not just combat troops.
    Pete Buttigieg: No Iranian nukes, via reinstating joint nuclear deal.
    Pete Buttigieg: If troops go to war, will include 3-year sunset clause.
    Tom Steyer: Set a strategy: What are we trying to accomplish in Mideast?
    Tom Steyer: It isn't so much about experience; it's about judgement.
    Kimberly Graham: Increase service member pay & veteran's benefits.
    Eddie Mauro: We need to revisit war powers role of president & Congress.
    Marco Battaglia: Avoid foreign entanglements.
    Chuck Grassley: Signed letter opposing Iranian nuclear deal.
    Patty Judge: Supports Iranian nuclear deal.
    Patty Judge: Deploy military only after diplomacy, dialogue, & sanctions.
    Patty Judge: Containment of ISIS and terrorists, by targeted air strikes.
    Mike Huckabee: Eradicate ISIS like you would eradicate any cancer.
    Rick Santorum: ISIS caliphate is like a kingdom based on religious law.
    Bernie Sanders: Invasion of Iraq led to ISIS; Hillary voted to invade.
    Martin O`Malley: ISIS is an evil in this world; deal with them as evil.
    Doug Butzier: Stay out of Iran & stay out of everywhere.
    Sam Clovis: Pursue active enemies with all available dispatch.
    Michele Bachmann: Leaving Iraq now invites in Iran as hegemon.
    Mitt Romney: Disagree with Israelis in private; stand with them in public.
    Ron Paul: Let locals settle Israel-Palestine issue; no world police.
    Michele Bachmann: Iran is a state sponsor of terror; can't be a nuclear power.
    Mitt Romney: We should withdraw from Afghanistan after 2012.
    Newt Gingrich: Wrong to intervene in Libya; covert action more effective.
    Rick Santorum: We should withdraw from Afghanistan more slowly.
    Rick Santorum: Iran has been at war with us since 1979.
    Rick Santorum: Iran must be confronted to stop them from getting nukes.
    Ron Paul: Of course Iran wants nukes; talk to them like we did USSR.
    Ron Paul: I worry about war propaganda will lead to war against Iran.
    Tim Pawlenty: We should withdraw from Afghanistan more slowly.
    Terry Branstad: Remain vigilant in support of 3,000 National Guard overseas.
    Roxanne Conlin: Oppose addition of 30,000 more troops to Afghanistan.
    Christopher Reed: Support the surge; wants more positive news coverage.
    Christopher Reed: No timetable for exit; stay until Al Qaeda is quelled.
    Christopher Reed: Saddam was a madman who had WMDs and used them.
    Joe Biden: Iraq war is sucking up a $150B a year.
    Duncan Hunter: Marines are doing a good job; don’t rush for the exit.
    Duncan Hunter: Work with Pakistan against Taliban and Al Qaida.
    John McCain: Support the surge even if benchmarks are not met.
    Mike Huckabee: We made Saudis rich; pressure them to help win with honor.
    Mitt Romney: It’s time for people of America to show a surge of support.
    Mitt Romney: Keep option to attack Al Qaeda in Pakistan, but don’t say it.
    Ron Paul: Iraq war is illegal; undeclared wars never end & we lose.
    Ron Paul: Neocons promoted Iraq war for years; not about Al Qaida.
    Rudy Giuliani: Winning in Iraq is one battle in overall terrorist war.
    Rudy Giuliani: Keep option open to attack Al Qaeda in Pakistan unilaterally.
    Sam Brownback: We need a political surge to match the military surge.
    Tom Tancredo: We are in a war with radical Islam; Iraq is one battle.
    Tom Tancredo: Stop restricting army with rules of engagement.
    Tom Tancredo: If Islamic terrorists threaten nukes, we nuke Mecca & Medina.
    Tommy Thompson: Iraqi parliament incapable of partitioning Iraq.
    Howard Dean: AdWatch: “My opponents voted for war”-negative but true.
    Carol Moseley-Braun: Saddam capture has little to do with keeping Americans safe.
    Dick Gephardt: Helped initiate Iraqi war resolution because of CIA support.
    Howard Dean: Supported Afghan war & not Iraq, but always supports troops.
    Howard Dean: US is no safer with Saddam gone-we’re still losing troops.
    Howard Dean: Fact Check: Fighter jet escorts since 9/11-not 12/2004.
    John Edwards: Saddam’s trial will reveal atrocities, but won’t end terror.
    John Edwards: Don’t negotiate with Arafat, but build trust with envoy.
    John Kerry: Pre-emptive strike ok only when US survival at stake.
    Joseph Lieberman: Iraq victory opens door to Israeli-Palestinian peace.
    Joseph Lieberman: US and world are safer with homicidal maniac Saddam gone.
    Howard Dean: AdWatch: blames Gephardt for $87B-but Dean’s view evolved.
    Bob Graham: Iraq was a distraction from the war on terror.
Welfare & Poverty
    Jim Carlin: Goal of welfare system should be keeping families together.
    Mike Huckabee: Poor people don't know how to get out of the hole.
    Tom Fiegen: Address childhood hunger & childhood poverty.
    Alison Grimes: Shameful to oppose food stamp program during recession.
    Mitch McConnell: Opposed Farm Bill due to too-generous food stamp program.
    Sam Clovis: Don't trading spending cuts for entitlement reform.
    Rick Santorum: No compromise on core principles; compromise on all else.
    Dennis Kucinich: Address poverty with full employment economy & social reform.
    Hillary Clinton: Partner with faith based community in empowerment zones.
    Jack Hatch: More TANF; more job training programs.
    George W. Bush: ‘Armies of compassion’ are next step of welfare reform.

The above quotations are from State of Iowa Politicians: Archives.

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