Books by and about 2020 presidential candidates|
| Crippled America,|
by Donald J. Trump (2015)
by Cory Booker (2016)
| The Truths We Hold,|
by Kamala Harris (2019)
| Smart on Crime,|
by Kamala Harris (2010)
| Guide to Political Revolution,|
by Bernie Sanders (2017)
| Where We Go From Here,|
by Bernie Sanders (2018)
| Promise Me, Dad ,|
by Joe Biden (2017)
|Conscience of a Conservative,|
by Jeff Flake (2017)
| Two Paths,|
by Gov. John Kasich (2017)
|Every Other Monday,|
by Rep. John Kasich (2010)
|Courage is Contagious,|
by John Kasich (1998)
| Shortest Way Home,|
by Pete Buttigieg (2019)
| The Book of Joe ,|
by Jeff Wilser (2019; biography of Joe Biden)
by Michelle Obama (2018)
| Our Revolution,|
by Bernie Sanders (2016)
| This Fight Is Our Fight,|
by Elizabeth Warren (2017)
| Higher Loyalty,|
by James Comey (2018)
| The Making of Donald Trump,|
by David Cay Johnston (2017)
Books by and about the 2016 presidential election|
| What Happened ,|
by Hillary Clinton (2017)
| Higher Loyalty ,|
by James Comey (2018)
| Trump vs. Hillary On The Issues ,|
by Jesse Gordon (2016)
| Hard Choices,|
by Hillary Clinton (2014)
| Becoming ,|
by Michelle Obama (2018)
| Outsider in the White House,|
by Bernie Sanders (2015)
(click a book cover for a review or other books by or about the presidency from Amazon.com)
2010-2012 Political Courage Test, by Project Vote Smart
Click on a participant to pop-up their full list of quotations
from 2010-2012 Political Courage Test (number of quotes indicated):
- Brian Bosma (13) Republican Senate candidate Indiana
- Bruce Westerman (1) Republican House Member U.S. Rep Arkansas- 4
- Cam Cavasso (2) Republican Challenger Hawaii
- Jill Stein (7) Green Challenger
- John Lynch (3) New Hampshire Former Democratic Governor (2005-2013)
- Mark Zaccaria (11) Republican Senate Challenger Rhode Island
- Randall Batson (9) Libertarian Senate challenger Kansas
- Rick Scott (4) Florida Republican Governor
- Robert Sarvis (9) Virginia Libertarian nominee for Governor
OR click on an issue category below for a subset.
The "Political Courage Test", according to Project Vote-Smart, "measures each candidate’s willingness to provide citizens with their positions on key issues. Most candidates, fearing their opponents might use their positions in attack ads, refuse or only respond to a few questions that their consultants stamp as safe. Each candidate is repeatedly confronted with these issue questions by Vote Smart, national media and political leaders of both major parties."
This set of Political Courage Tests is by gubernatorial candidates and 3rd-party presidential candidates who filled in the questionnaire in 2010 or 2011, or in the run-up to the 2012 elections.
| OnTheIssues.org excerpts: (click on issues for details)
Jill Stein: Real choice includes information on prevention.
Robert Sarvis: Supports embryonic stem cell research.
Robert Sarvis: Early term abortions ok, but parental consent for minors.
John Lynch: Emergency contraception without a prescription.
Mark Zaccaria: Make abortion unthinkable but not illegal.
Mark Zaccaria: No federal funding for embryonic stem cell research.
Randall Batson: No state funding for embryonic stem cell research.
Budget & Economy|
Brian Bosma: Reduce government regulations; reduce unemployment benefits.
Randall Batson: No rainy day fund; reduce all spending.
Rick Scott: 777 economic plan: 7 Steps to 700,000 Jobs in 7 Years.
Brian Bosma: No civil unions; no gay marriage.
Jill Stein: All people entitled to full civil rights, including gays.
Bruce Westerman: Opposes affirmative action.
Robert Sarvis: Supports gay marriage.
Robert Sarvis: Opposes affirmative action.
Mark Zaccaria: End federal affirmative action programs.
Randall Batson: Civil unions ok; let churches decide on same-sex marriage.
Randall Batson: State use of affirmative action ok, but not private.
Brian Bosma: Supports capital punishment, and use of deadly force at home.
Jill Stein: Stop dumping resources into the prison-industrial complex.
Jill Stein: Judicial system makes mistakes & kills innocent people.
Robert Sarvis: Capital punishment should be legal but rare.
John Lynch: Maintain truth-in-sentencing law.
Cam Cavasso: Supports capital punishment for certain crimes.
Mark Zaccaria: Supports capital punishment.
Brian Bosma: Decriminalize possession of small amounts of marijuana.
Brian Bosma: Decriminalize marijuana; but no medicinal marijuana.
John Lynch: Decriminalize marijuana once concerns are addressed.
Rick Scott: Drug courts & alternatives to incarceration.
Mark Zaccaria: Mandatory prison sentences for selling illegal drugs.
Brian Bosma: Supports vouchers and charter schools.
Mark Zaccaria: Supports vouchers but not charters.
Randall Batson: Abstinence education ok, but not abstinence-only.
Energy & Oil|
Brian Bosma: Develop traditional domestic energy sources.
Robert Sarvis: Humans cause climate change, but don't regulate CO2.
Randall Batson: Don't fund alternative energy; don't fund oil & gas either.
Robert Sarvis: No open space funding, but environmental harm regulations ok.
Brian Bosma: State funding for open space preservation.
Randall Batson: No state funding for open space preservation.
Rick Scott: Base environmental policy on sound science, not politics.
Mark Zaccaria: Today's free trade agreements are stacked against the US.
Brian Bosma: No limits on PAC contributions; but full disclosure.
Brian Bosma: Require a photo ID in order to vote.
Robert Sarvis: No limit on campaign contributions; limit government instead.
Rick Scott: Free speech includes financially supporting candidates.
Cam Cavasso: Remove all contribution limits on federal campaigns.
Mark Zaccaria: Keep contribution limits & campaign finance regulations.
Randall Batson: No term limits; no campaign contribution limits.
Brian Bosma: Do all I can to protect the 2nd amendment rights.
Jill Stein: Gun ownership should be appropriately regulated.
Brian Bosma: Tort reform instead of individual mandate.
Randall Batson: Quit preventing the Free Market to fix itself.
Mark Zaccaria: Cut government, including cutting military (except salary).
Robert Sarvis: Opposes local enforcement of federal immigration laws.
Brian Bosma: Local police should enforce federal immigration laws.
Jill Stein: Don't turn over retirement to private corporations.
Jill Stein: Privatizing would lead to huge losses for retirees.
Mark Zaccaria: Privatize elements of Social Security.
Mark Zaccaria: Eliminate the estate tax; cut spending to match tax cuts.
The above quotations are from 2010-2012 Political Courage Test, by Project Vote Smart.
- 2020 Political Courage Test: House and Senate
- 2018 State legislation: House, Senate, and Governor
- 2016 State legislation: Presidential, Gubernatorial, and State
- 2013-2014 Political Courage Test: Gubernatorial & Senate, plus legislative records
- 2011-12 State legislation: House and Senate plus legislative records
- 2009-10 Political Courage Tests: Senatorial, Gubernatorial, and State legislation
- 2008 Political Courage Tests: Presidential, Gubernatorial, and Senatorial
- 2006 Political Awareness Tests: Gubernatorial and Senatorial
- 2004 Political Awareness Tests: Presidential, Gubernatorial, and Senatorial
- 2002 Political Awareness Tests: Gubernatorial and Senatorial
- 2000 Political Awareness Tests: Presidential and Congress
- 1996-1998 Political Awareness Tests: House, Senate, and State
- Collections of Voter Guides:
- American Family Association iVoterGuides:
- Science Debate Voter Guides:
- CampusElect.org Voter Guides:
- AARP voter guides:
- Vote-USA.org voter guides:
- Miscellaneous voter guides: