Books by and about 2016 presidential candidates|
| Hard Choices,|
by Hillary Clinton (2014)
| Crippled America ,|
by Donald J. Trump (2015)
| Trump vs. Hillary On The Issues ,|
by Jesse Gordon (2016)
| Outsider in the White House,|
by Bernie Sanders (2015)
| American Dreams,|
by Marco Rubio (2015)
| Taking a Stand,|
by Rand Paul (2015)
by Scott Walker (2013)
| A Time for Truth,|
by Ted Cruz (2015)
| One Nation,|
by Ben Carson (2014)
| Trump/Pence vs. Clinton/Kaine On the Issues ,|
by Jesse Gordon (2016)
| Living History ,|
by Hillary Rodham Clinton (2003)
| Between Hope and History ,|
by Bill Clinton (1996)
| In Harmís Way ,|
by Dr. Jill Stein (2000)
| Democrat vs. Republican vs. Green vs. Libertarian,|
Four Party's Presidential Nominees On The Issues (2016)
Books by and about 2012 presidential candidates|
| Ten Letters
about Pres. Barack Obama (2011)
| Do Not Ask What Good We Do
about Rep. Paul Ryan (2012)
(click a book cover for a review or other books by or about the presidency from Amazon.com)
PBS Democratic Primary Debate
at Miami Dade College
Click on a participant to pop-up their full list of quotations
from PBS Democratic FL Debate (number of quotes indicated):
- Bernie Sanders (15) Democratic Presidential candidate
- Hillary Clinton (11) Democratic Presidential candidate
OR click on an issue category below for a subset.
This debate took place on March 9, 2016, after the Puerto Rico primary and before the Florida primary. We have received several readers' emails questioning why Puerto Rico gets delegates in last week's primary, and that applies as well to why the Northern Marianas and the District of Columbia get delegates in this week's primary.
The answer is "Because they are United States citizens."
The United States owns several "insular territories" which are not states: Puerto Rico, the Northern Marianas, the District of Columbia, American Samoa, Guam, and the Virgin Islands.
All of the residents of those territories are U.S. citizens, although they don't have full voting rights.
None of the territories participate in the electoral college, which means residents can cast votes for president in November, but their votes do not actually count.
In 2000, Puerto Rico attempted to gain electoral votes, but they lost the case, with the court asserting that they must apply for statehood to gain electoral votes
(Puerto Rico would have cast 8 electoral votes for Al Gore, which would have given Gore a presidential victory over George W. Bush).
The District of Columbia does get one Representative in the U.S. House, Eleanor Holmes Norton, but her vote does not count in voting totals (she may introduce bills and cast a vote, however).
D.C. has no Senate representation, and since they do pay federal taxes, their automobile license plates are adorned with the slogan, "Taxation Without Representation."
There is a "statehood movement" to change D.C.'s status by creating a 51st state called "New Columbia."
D.C. already DOES have three electoral votes in the general election for president, because of its special constitutional status.
The Northern Marianas, Guam, and Samoa are Pacific islands which have long been U.S. territories. Before World War II, that category included Hawaii and the Phillipines.
Hawaii became a state after WWII, and the Phillipines became an independent country.
The Northern Marianas, Guam and Samoa are smaller, so their status is just "territories." But they still get delegates to the party conventions!
So how did the voting go in the territories?
On the Democratic side, Hillary Clinton gained a couple of delegates;
she accomplished the same in Samoa on March 1.
The Democrats also hold a primary for "Democrats abroad" (i.e. U.S. citizens residing overseas).
That vote finished up this week but the counting will take some time (because it's worldwide); so far only 1 out of 17 delegates have been assigned.
On the Republican side, Donald Trump and each of his three remaining opponents gained a couple handfuls of delegates each.
The small delegate counts this weeekend would be meaningless in a normal election, but with the prospect of a brokered convention looming, every delegate counts
(much like, in 2000, no one expected that Puerto Rico could have been a decisive electoral vote, had they been granted electoral votes!)
Ted Cruz won the Guam Caucus, which will send 9 delegates to the Republican convention, but 8 remain "uncommitted" until the convention.
Marco Rubio won D.C. -- only a few delegates but perhaps relevant because of another Republican convention rule known as the "8-state rule":
At a brokered convention, a candidate can get nominated even after losing the primaries, if the first ballot does not result in a nominee, but only if that candidate has won eight primaries or caucuses.
That 8-state cutoff was already achieved by Trump (NH, NV, SC, AS, AR, GA, MA, TN, VT, VA, KY, LA, HI, MI, MS),
and was achieved this weekend by Cruz (IA, AK, OK, TX, KS, ME, ID, GU, WY).
Rubio has only won three state contests so far (MN, PR, DC) and has some work ahead of him to make the 8-state cutoff (as does John Kasich, still with zero state wins, but leading in his home state of Ohio this coming Tuesday).
You might wonder, "Is the 8-state rule only about states? Do Guam and Puerto Rico count as part of the eight?"
We read the Republican convention rules, and they seem to hint that territorial victories DO count -- but these are RULES, not LAWS -- that means the delegates can vote to interpret and/or override the rules at the convention.
In this strangest of elections, those sorts of trivial rules may well matter -- the rules were NOT written with any expectation that they would matter! --
if a brokered convention occurs, those trivialities will be subject to many delegate votes, and hence lots of pundit interpretation!
| OnTheIssues.org excerpts: (click on issues for details)
Budget & Economy|
Bernie Sanders: Should top 1/10 of 1% owns as much wealth as the bottom 90%?
Bernie Sanders: The auto industry bill was really a bailout for Wall Street.
Hillary Clinton: I voted for bill that saved the auto industry.
Energy & Oil|
Bernie Sanders: Need revolution to move away from coal and oil.
Bernie Sanders: End fracking in the US.
Hillary Clinton: We need a bridge from coal to natural gas to clean energy.
Hillary Clinton: We need green energy jobs & to build on Paris Agreement.
Bernie Sanders: Opposed Monroe Doctrine interventionism in Latin America.
Bernie Sanders: Ending embargo with Cuba is right step.
Bernie Sanders: Vulture capitalists responsible for Puerto Rican debt.
Hillary Clinton: Talk with dissidents but Castros are dictators.
Hillary Clinton: Give Puerto Rico authority to restructure their debt.
Bernie Sanders: It's oligarchy when billionaires buy elections.
Hillary Clinton: My priorities are to deport criminals and terrorists.
Bernie Sanders: I do not support the Minutemen anti-immigrant vigilantes.
Bernie Sanders: Base policy on uniting families, not dividing families.
Bernie Sanders: 2007 immigration bill was a bad bill, opposed by many.
Bernie Sanders: Support Obama's reforms on DAPA and DACA.
Bernie Sanders: I support children entering for asylum from war-torn areas.
Hillary Clinton: Preventing Muslims from immigrating is un-American.
Hillary Clinton: I won't be the Deporter-in-Chief; stop the raids & roundups.
Hillary Clinton: I sponsored the DREAM Act and a path to citizenship.
Bernie Sanders: I investigated undocumented farm workers in FL.
Bernie Sanders: Minority youth more underemployed than others.
Hillary Clinton: Help Latinos with more jobs and higher incomes.
Principles & Values|
Hillary Clinton: I will find common ground; but I will stand my ground.
The above quotations are from PBS Democratic Primary Debate
at Miami Dade College.
Miami Republican debate, March 10, 2016
Miami Democratic debate, March 9, 2016
Democratic primary debate in Flint, Michigan, March 6, 2016
Republican primary debate in Detroit, Michigan, March 3, 2016
CNN-Telemundo Republican debate on eve of Texas primary., Feb. 25, 2016
Democratic and Republican primary Town Hall, on eve of S.C. primary
2016 CNN GOP Town Hall in South Carolina, Feb. 17-18, 2016
2016 CBS News Republican Debate in S.C., Feb. 13, 2016
PBS Democratic Primary Debate in Wisconsin, Feb. 11, 2016
2016 ABC News/IJReview Republican Debate in N.H., Feb. 6, 2016
MSNBC Democratic primary debate in New Hampshire, Feb. 4, 2016
2016 CNN Democratic Town Hall in N.H., Feb. 3, 2016
2016 Fox News GOP primary debate in Iowa, Jan. 28, 2016
2016 NBC Democratic primary debate, Jan. 17, 2016
2016 Fox Business two-tiered GOP primary debate, Jan. 14, 2016
2015 ABC Democratic primary debate in New Hampshire, Dec. 19, 2015
2015 CNN Republican primary debate in Nevada, Dec. 15, 2015
2015 CBS Democratic primary debate, Nov. 14, 2015
2015 Fox Business/WSJ two-tiered GOP primary debate, Nov. 10, 2015
2015 CNBC two-tiered GOP primary debate, Oct. 28, 2015
2015 CNN Democratic primary debate, Oct. 13, 2015
2015 CNN two-tiered GOP primary debate, Sept. 16, 2015
Red State Gathering, Aug 6-9, 2015
2015 Fox News/Facebook two-tiered GOP primary debate, August 6, 2015
Faith and Freedom Coalition "Road to Majority" Policy Conferences, April 25, 2015
2015 Conservative Political Action Conference, Feb. 26-27, 2015
Forbes Magazine "Candidates Want You to Know" series, March-June 2015
Sunday Political Talk Show interviews, throughout 2015
Pre-Iowa caucus political summits, throughout 2015
Brennan Center for Justice essays
National Journal 2016 series
Interviews on 2016 races with OnTheIssues
PBS News Hour "2016 Candidate Stands" series
PolitiFact fact-checking on 2016 campaigns
Survey of 2016 Presidential campaign websites